Total energy-cycle energy and emissions impacts of hybrid electric vehicles

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Argonne National Laboratory has begun an analysis of the energy and air emission impacts of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) over the entire energy cycle, including manufacturing, operating, and recycling the vehicles and producing their fuel. Phase 1 evaluates series HEVs using lead acid and nickel metal hydride batteries, operating independent of the electricity grid and connected to it, and compares them to conventional ICE vehicles. With efficient electric components, both grid-dependent and grid-independent vehicles are more efficient than their conventional counterpart, though most of the efficiency advantage is gained in slow, lower power operation (e.g., on the federal urban driving ... continued below

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16 p.

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Wang, M.Q.; Plotkin, S.; Santini, D.J.; He, J.; Gaines, L. & Patterson, P. September 17, 1997.

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Description

Argonne National Laboratory has begun an analysis of the energy and air emission impacts of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) over the entire energy cycle, including manufacturing, operating, and recycling the vehicles and producing their fuel. Phase 1 evaluates series HEVs using lead acid and nickel metal hydride batteries, operating independent of the electricity grid and connected to it, and compares them to conventional ICE vehicles. With efficient electric components, both grid-dependent and grid-independent vehicles are more efficient than their conventional counterpart, though most of the efficiency advantage is gained in slow, lower power operation (e.g., on the federal urban driving schedule). The grid-independent HEV is not clearly superior if it operates part of each day with grid electricity. Finally, estimates of lead emissions for the lead acid battery-powered HEV are significantly lower than suggested elsewhere.

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16 p.

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OSTI as DE98000646

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  • 14. international electric vehicle symposium and exposition, Orlando, FL (United States), 15-17 Dec 1997

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  • Other: DE98000646
  • Report No.: ANL/ES/CP--94277
  • Report No.: CONF-971212--
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 554743
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc697494

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • September 17, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Dec. 16, 2015, 4:48 p.m.

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Wang, M.Q.; Plotkin, S.; Santini, D.J.; He, J.; Gaines, L. & Patterson, P. Total energy-cycle energy and emissions impacts of hybrid electric vehicles, article, September 17, 1997; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc697494/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.