Integrated dry NO{sub x}/SO{sub 2} emissions control system: integrated system test report

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Description

The DOE sponsored Integrated Dry NO{sub x}/SO{sub 2} Emissions Control System Program, is a Clean Coal Technology III demonstration, being conducted by Public Service Company of Colorado. The test site is Arapahoe Generating Station Unit 4, a 100 MWe, down-fired utility boiler burning a low-sulfur Western coal. The project goal is to demonstrate up to 70 percent reductions in NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} emissions through the integration of: (1) down-fired low NO{sub x} burners with overfire air; (2) Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR) for additional NO{sub x} removal; and (3) Dry Sorbent Injection (DSI) and duct humidification for SO{sub 2} ... continued below

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178 p.

Creation Information

Smith, R.A.; Muzio, L.J. & Hunt, T. April 1, 1997.

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  • Smith, R.A.
  • Muzio, L.J. Fossil Energy Research Corp., Laguna Hills, CA (United States)
  • Hunt, T. Public Service Co. of Colorado, Denver, CO (United States)

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Description

The DOE sponsored Integrated Dry NO{sub x}/SO{sub 2} Emissions Control System Program, is a Clean Coal Technology III demonstration, being conducted by Public Service Company of Colorado. The test site is Arapahoe Generating Station Unit 4, a 100 MWe, down-fired utility boiler burning a low-sulfur Western coal. The project goal is to demonstrate up to 70 percent reductions in NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} emissions through the integration of: (1) down-fired low NO{sub x} burners with overfire air; (2) Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR) for additional NO{sub x} removal; and (3) Dry Sorbent Injection (DSI) and duct humidification for SO{sub 2} removal. This report documents the final phase of the test program, in which the overall performance of the integrated system was evaluated. Previous testing has shown that the goal of 70 percent NO{sub x} removal was easily achieved with the combination of low-NO{sub x} burners, overfire air, and urea-based SNCR. Similarly, the ability of the sodium-based DSI system to achieve 70 percent SO{sub 2} removal was also demonstrated previously. The integrated tests demonstrated the synergistic benefit of operating the SNCR and sodium-based DSI systems concurrently. With the automatic control system set to limit the NH{sub 3} emissions to less than 8 ppm, the NO{sub 2} emissions from the sodium-based DSI system were reduced by nominally 50 percent compared to operation with the DSI system alone. Comparably, the combined operation reduced NH{sub 3} emissions, as reflected by a higher urea injection rate for a fixed NH{sub 3} emission limit. With combined DSI and SNCR operation, an ammonia odor problem was encountered around the Unit 4 ash silo (this did not occur with the SNCR system operated alone at comparable NH{sub 3} slip levels). This odor problem is attributed to the sodium changing the rate at which NH{sub 3} is released from the ash when it is wetted for truck transport to the disposal site.

Physical Description

178 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97054373

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: Apr 1997

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Identifier

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  • Other: DE97054373
  • Report No.: DOE/PC/90550--T17
  • Grant Number: FC22-91PC90550
  • DOI: 10.2172/621003 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 621003
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc697251

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Creation Date

  • April 1, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Nov. 10, 2015, 9:03 p.m.

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Smith, R.A.; Muzio, L.J. & Hunt, T. Integrated dry NO{sub x}/SO{sub 2} emissions control system: integrated system test report, report, April 1, 1997; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc697251/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.