Natural attenuation of metals and radionuclides: Report from a workshop held by Sandia National Laboratories

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Natural attenuation is increasingly applied to remediate contaminated soils and ground waters. Roughly 25% of Superfund groundwater remedies in 1995 involved some type of monitored natural attenuation, compared to almost none 5 years ago. Remediation by natural attenuation (RNA) requires clear evidence that contaminant levels are decreasing sufficiently over time, a defensible explanation of the attenuation mechanism, long-term monitoring, and a contingency plan at the very least. Although the primary focus of implementation has to date been the biodegradation of organic contaminants, there is a wealth of scientific evidence that natural processes reduce the bioavailability of contaminant metals and radionuclides. ... continued below

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[250] p.

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Brady, P.V. & Borns, D.J. November 1, 1997.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

Natural attenuation is increasingly applied to remediate contaminated soils and ground waters. Roughly 25% of Superfund groundwater remedies in 1995 involved some type of monitored natural attenuation, compared to almost none 5 years ago. Remediation by natural attenuation (RNA) requires clear evidence that contaminant levels are decreasing sufficiently over time, a defensible explanation of the attenuation mechanism, long-term monitoring, and a contingency plan at the very least. Although the primary focus of implementation has to date been the biodegradation of organic contaminants, there is a wealth of scientific evidence that natural processes reduce the bioavailability of contaminant metals and radionuclides. Natural attenuation of metals and radionuclides is likely to revolve around sorption, solubility, biologic uptake and dilution controls over contaminant availability. Some of these processes can be applied to actively remediate sites. Others, such as phytoremediation, are likely to be ineffective. RNA of metals and radionuclides is likely to require specialized site characterization to construct contaminant and site-specific conceptual models of contaminant behavior. Ideally, conceptual models should be refined such that contaminant attenuation can be confidently predicted into the future. The technical approach to RNA of metals and radionuclides is explored here.

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[250] p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE98001672

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  • Workshop on natural attenuation of metals and radionuclides, Albuquerque, NM (United States), 18-20 Jun 1997

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  • Other: DE98001672
  • Report No.: SAND--97-2727
  • Report No.: CONF-9706209--Summ.
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 563206
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc697132

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  • November 1, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • May 18, 2016, 6:22 p.m.

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Brady, P.V. & Borns, D.J. Natural attenuation of metals and radionuclides: Report from a workshop held by Sandia National Laboratories, article, November 1, 1997; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc697132/: accessed January 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.