Effects of fluoride and other halogen ions on the external stress corrosion cracking of Type 304 austenitic stainless steel

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The drip procedure from the Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Influence of Thermal Insulation on External Stress Corrosion Cracking Tendency of Austenitic Stainless Steel (ASTM C 692-95a) was used to research the effect of halogens and inhibitors on the External Stress Corrosion Cracking (ESCC) of Type 304 stainless steel as it applies to Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory Guide 1.36, Nonmetallic Thermal Insulation for Austenitic Stainless Steel. The solutions used in this research were prepared using pure chemical reagents to simulate the halogens and inhibitors found in insulation extraction solutions. The results indicated that sodium silicate compounds that were higher ... continued below

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48 p.

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Whorlow, K.M. & Hutto, F.B. Jr. July 1, 1997.

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Description

The drip procedure from the Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Influence of Thermal Insulation on External Stress Corrosion Cracking Tendency of Austenitic Stainless Steel (ASTM C 692-95a) was used to research the effect of halogens and inhibitors on the External Stress Corrosion Cracking (ESCC) of Type 304 stainless steel as it applies to Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory Guide 1.36, Nonmetallic Thermal Insulation for Austenitic Stainless Steel. The solutions used in this research were prepared using pure chemical reagents to simulate the halogens and inhibitors found in insulation extraction solutions. The results indicated that sodium silicate compounds that were higher in sodium were more effective for preventing chloride-induced ESCC in Type 304 austenitic stainless steel. Potassium silicate (all-silicate inhibitor) was not as effective as sodium silicate. Limited testing with sodium hydroxide (all-sodium inhibitor) indicated that it may be effective as an inhibitor. Fluoride, bromide, and iodide caused minimal ESCC which could be effectively inhibited by sodium silicate. The addition of fluoride to the chloride/sodium silicate systems at the threshold of ESCC appeared to have no synergistic effect on ESCC. The mass ratio of sodium + silicate (mg/kg) to chloride (mg/kg) at the lower end of the NRC RG 1.36 Acceptability Curve was not sufficient to prevent ESCC using the methods of this research.

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48 p.

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INIS; OSTI as TI97007395

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jul 1997

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  • Other: TI97007395
  • Report No.: NUREG/CR--6539
  • DOI: 10.2172/505259 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 505259
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc695816

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • July 1, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • April 8, 2016, 8:04 p.m.

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Whorlow, K.M. & Hutto, F.B. Jr. Effects of fluoride and other halogen ions on the external stress corrosion cracking of Type 304 austenitic stainless steel, report, July 1, 1997; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc695816/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.