Pore-scale modeling of enhanced vapor diffusion in porous media

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Vapor diffusion in porous media in the presence of its liquid has often been analyzed like air diffusion. The diffusion rate is much lower than in free space due to the presence of the porous medium and any liquid present. However, enhanced vapor diffusion has also been postulated such that the diffusion rate may approach free-space values. The mechanisms postulated to lead to this enhancement include condensation/evaporation across isolated liquid islands in the porous media and an increased temperature gradient in the gas phase. In order to try to understand the mechanisms involved in such an enhancement, pore-scale models have ... continued below

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13 p.

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Webb, S.W. & Ho, C.K. October 1, 1997.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

Vapor diffusion in porous media in the presence of its liquid has often been analyzed like air diffusion. The diffusion rate is much lower than in free space due to the presence of the porous medium and any liquid present. However, enhanced vapor diffusion has also been postulated such that the diffusion rate may approach free-space values. The mechanisms postulated to lead to this enhancement include condensation/evaporation across isolated liquid islands in the porous media and an increased temperature gradient in the gas phase. In order to try to understand the mechanisms involved in such an enhancement, pore-scale models have been developed. Vapor diffusion in the presence of liquid islands has been evaluated for a one-dimensional pore network under a concentration gradient. The simulations show that significant enhancement of vapor diffusion is indeed possible in the presence of liquid islands, while air diffusion decreases slightly. While the present pore-scale model indicates that enhanced vapor diffusion is possible, only experimental data can confirm the relevant processes.

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13 p.

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OSTI as DE98000344

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  • International mechanical engineering congress and exposition, Dallas, TX (United States), 16-21 Nov 1997

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  • Other: DE98000344
  • Report No.: SAND--97-2013C
  • Report No.: CONF-971115--
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 538044
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc694775

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  • October 1, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • May 5, 2016, 8:13 p.m.

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Webb, S.W. & Ho, C.K. Pore-scale modeling of enhanced vapor diffusion in porous media, article, October 1, 1997; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc694775/: accessed December 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.