Status report on severe accident material property measurements

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Measurements of selected material properties of molten reactor core material (corium) were made. The corium used was a mixture of UO{sub 2}, ZrO{sub 2} and Zr, with oxygen content being a parameter to reflect different stages of zirconium oxidation. The mixtures used were representative of typical in-vessel melt sequences. For most measurements, the UO{sub 2}/ZrO{sub 2} mass ratio was 1.51, representative of VVER/440 melt compositions and melt compositions of most US BWRs. Measurements were made of the solidus/liquidus temperatures of corium compositions using a Differential Thermal Analysis technique. Observation of the solubility of unoxidized Zr in the oxide phase was ... continued below

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81 p.

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Farmer, M.T.; McUmber, L.; Spencer, B.W. & Aeschlimann, R.W. June 1, 1997.

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Measurements of selected material properties of molten reactor core material (corium) were made. The corium used was a mixture of UO{sub 2}, ZrO{sub 2} and Zr, with oxygen content being a parameter to reflect different stages of zirconium oxidation. The mixtures used were representative of typical in-vessel melt sequences. For most measurements, the UO{sub 2}/ZrO{sub 2} mass ratio was 1.51, representative of VVER/440 melt compositions and melt compositions of most US BWRs. Measurements were made of the solidus/liquidus temperatures of corium compositions using a Differential Thermal Analysis technique. Observation of the solubility of unoxidized Zr in the oxide phase was made by metallographic analysis of solidus/liquidus melt samples. The results of laminar flow corium spreading tests in one dimension were used to estimate the viscosity of corium compositions. Measured solidus and liquidus temperatures for compositions representative of Zr oxidation of 30, 50 and 70% were compared with those obtained form a phase diagram provided by Kurchatov Institute. It was found that experimental measurements agreed well with the phase diagram values at 70% oxidation, but the measured solidus temperatures were higher than those on the phase diagram and the measured liquidus temperatures were lower than those on the phase diagram at 30 and 50% oxidation. From a microstructure examination it was determined that there was no global segregation into distinct metal and oxide phases during the cooldown of a sample in which there was initially 70% Zr oxidation. Therefore it is concluded that Zr metal is soluble in the oxide phase under molten conditions. Viscosity estimates were made for compositions representative of Zr oxidation of 30, 50 and 70% by fitting the results of spreading tests to Huppert`s equation. It was found that, at a temperature of 2500 C, the viscosity varied by three orders of magnitude over this range of compositions. 10 refs., 39 figs., 16 tabs.

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81 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE97008815

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jun 1997

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  • Other: DE97008815
  • Report No.: ANL-NT--39
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/525004 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 525004
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc694122

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  • June 1, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • May 16, 2016, 5:56 p.m.

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Farmer, M.T.; McUmber, L.; Spencer, B.W. & Aeschlimann, R.W. Status report on severe accident material property measurements, report, June 1, 1997; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc694122/: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.