Sawtooth mixing of alpha particles in TFTR D-T plasmas

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Radially resolved confined alpha particle energy and density distributions are routinely measured on TFTR using two diagnostics: PCX and {alpha}-CHERS. The Pellet Charge-eXchange (PCX) diagnostic uses the ablation cloud formed by an impurity pellet (Li or B) for neutralization of the alphas followed by analysis of the escaping helium neutrals. PCX detects deeply trapped alpha particles in the energy range 0.5 - 3.8 MeV. The {alpha}-CHERS technique, were the alpha signal is excited by charge-exchange between alphas and the deuterium atoms of one of the heating beams and appears as a wing on the He{sup +} 468.6 nm line, detects ... continued below

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10 p.

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Petrov, M.P.; Budny, R.V. & Chang, Z. December 31, 1996.

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  • Petrov, M.P. A.F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)
  • Budny, R.V.
  • Chang, Z. Princeton Plasma Physics Physics Lab., Princeton, NJ (United States)

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Description

Radially resolved confined alpha particle energy and density distributions are routinely measured on TFTR using two diagnostics: PCX and {alpha}-CHERS. The Pellet Charge-eXchange (PCX) diagnostic uses the ablation cloud formed by an impurity pellet (Li or B) for neutralization of the alphas followed by analysis of the escaping helium neutrals. PCX detects deeply trapped alpha particles in the energy range 0.5 - 3.8 MeV. The {alpha}-CHERS technique, were the alpha signal is excited by charge-exchange between alphas and the deuterium atoms of one of the heating beams and appears as a wing on the He{sup +} 468.6 nm line, detects mainly passing alphas in the range of 0.15 - 0.7 MeV. Studies of alpha losses during DT experiments on TFTR have also been conducted using lost alpha detectors located on the walls of the plasma chamber. All of these diagnostics were used for investigating the influence of sawtooth crashes on alphas in high power D-T discharges in TFTR. Both PCX and {alpha}-CHERS measurements show a strong depletion of the alpha core density and transport of trapped alphas radially outwards well beyond q = 1 surface after a sawtooth crash. Lost alpha detectors measure bursts of alpha loss of the previously confined alphas (<1%). Thus, a sawtooth crash leads mainly to radial redistribution of the alphas rather than losses. For modeling of alpha sawtooth mixing, a code is used which is based on the conventional model of magnetic reconnection and the conservation of particles, energy and magnetic flux. The effect of the particle orbit averaged toroidal drift in a perturbed helical electric field generated by the crash has also been included in the code. It is shown that mixing of the passing alphas is dominated by the magnetic reconnection whereas trapped alphas are affected mainly by ExB drift.

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10 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97005293

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  • 16. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) international conference on plasma physics and controlled nuclear fusion research, Montreal (Canada), 7-11 Oct 1996

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  • Other: DE97005293
  • Report No.: PPPL-CFP--3637
  • Report No.: IAEA-CN--64/A2-2;CONF-961005--31
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH03073
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 563861
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc693509

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • December 31, 1996

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • April 15, 2016, 7:10 p.m.

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Petrov, M.P.; Budny, R.V. & Chang, Z. Sawtooth mixing of alpha particles in TFTR D-T plasmas, article, December 31, 1996; Princeton, New Jersey. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc693509/: accessed September 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.