Government-industry-uUniversity and rResearch lLaboratories cCoordination for new product development: Session 2. Government research laboratory perspective Page: 1 of 16
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GOVERNMENT-INDUSTRY-UNIVERSITY AND RESEARCH
LABORATORIES COORDINATION FOR NEW PRODUCT
SESSION 2. GOVERNMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY PER-
Tuncer M. Kuzay
Advanced Photon Source 401
Argonne National Laboratory
9700 South Cass Avenue
Argonne, Illinois 60439
The submitted manuscript has been authored
by a contractor of the U.S. Government
under contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38,
Accordingly, the U.S. Government retains a
nonexclusive royalty-tree license to publish or
reproduce the published form of this
contribution, or allow others to do so, for U.S.
This talk is the second in an expanded series of presentations on the Government-Industry-
University and Research Laboratories Coordination for new product development, which is
a timely and important public policy issue. Such interactions have become particularly
timely in light of the present decline in funding for research and development (R&D) in the
nation's budget and in the private sector. These interactions, at least in principle, provide a
means to maximize benefits for the greater good of the nation by pooling the diminishing
resources. National laboratories, which traditionally interacted closely with the universities
in educational training, now are able to also participate closely with industry in joint R&D
thanks to a number of public laws legislated since the early 80s. A review of the experi-
ences with such interactions at Argonne National Laboratory, which exemplifies the na-
tional laboratories, shows that, despite differences in their traditions and the missions, the
national laboratory-industry-university triangle can work together.
The United States essentially has three re-
search-and-development macroengines --
industry, universities, and government.
The government research can be further
divided into a national laboratory compo-
nent and the rest of the federally sup-
ported research, which is substantial. De-
pending on the counting and definitions,
how this trio (or quartet) plays together to
make good music is the essence of these
series of talks. I am honored for the op-
portunity to provide some perspective on
the role of the government-supported re-
search laboratory in these interactions.
While my talk is mostly based on my per-
spective from Argonne National Labora-
tory, I believe, Argonne, as a national
laboratory, is sufficiently generic to be
the case-in-point for all the federal labo-
ratories with regard to civilian research.
Historically, the research engine trio op-
erated separately, with only occasional
interaction. Today, the trend is toward in-
creasing collaboration at higher levels and
for longer terms. Argonne is at the fore-
front of this trend.
The U.S. national laboratory system is a
network of 30 laboratories managed by
the federal Department of Energy. It is the
largest system of its type in the Western
world, with a scientific and technical staff
that numbers close to 30,000. The labo-
ratories' mission is basic research and
technology development to meet national
goals in energy technology, environ-
mental quality, scientific leadership, and
educational infrastructure. Laboratories in
the system range from small, specialized
laboratories to large, diversified ones.
Nine of the major laboratories conduct re-
search in many scientific areas, and they
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Kuzay, T.M. Government-industry-uUniversity and rResearch lLaboratories cCoordination for new product development: Session 2. Government research laboratory perspective, article, September 1, 1997; Illinois. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc693303/m1/1/: accessed April 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.