PETN homologs

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Description

High purity nitrate esters of the pentaerythritols can be successfully synthesized from correspondingly high purity reagents. The latter are not commercially available, but may be purified through molecular distillation and/or fractional crystallization from xylene. The isolated products are ultimately saponified to reagents of high purity. The nitration of high purity pentaerythritols using 97-100% nitric acid proceeds smoothly resulting in yields of the corresponding nitrate esters which are nearly quantitative. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) indicates numerous satellite impurities present in all the pentaerythritol-tetranitrate (PETN) homologs with the exception of ultrapure PETN itself. Separation and isolation of these contaminants, from a high ... continued below

Physical Description

21 p.

Creation Information

Sandoval, J. & Quinlin, W.T. February 1, 1972.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 11 times . More information about this report can be viewed below.

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  • Mason & Hanger-Silas Mason Co.
    Publisher Info: Mason and Hanger-Silas Mason Co., Inc., Amarillo, TX (United States)
    Place of Publication: Amarillo, Texas

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Description

High purity nitrate esters of the pentaerythritols can be successfully synthesized from correspondingly high purity reagents. The latter are not commercially available, but may be purified through molecular distillation and/or fractional crystallization from xylene. The isolated products are ultimately saponified to reagents of high purity. The nitration of high purity pentaerythritols using 97-100% nitric acid proceeds smoothly resulting in yields of the corresponding nitrate esters which are nearly quantitative. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) indicates numerous satellite impurities present in all the pentaerythritol-tetranitrate (PETN) homologs with the exception of ultrapure PETN itself. Separation and isolation of these contaminants, from a high impurity concentrate, was achieved by liquid chromatography. IR spectra of these components suggests these compounds are the various homologs and pentaerythryl ethers with a mixture of hydroxyl and nitrate functional groups.

Physical Description

21 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97009044

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: Feb 1972

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  • Other: DE97009044
  • Report No.: MHSMP--72-26
  • Grant Number: AC04-91AL65030
  • DOI: 10.2172/563855 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 563855
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc693140

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • February 1, 1972

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • May 4, 2016, 3:43 p.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Sandoval, J. & Quinlin, W.T. PETN homologs, report, February 1, 1972; Amarillo, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc693140/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.