Evaluation of Vitrification Processing Step for Rocky Flats Incinerator Ash

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In 1997, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) staff developed a processing option for incinerator ash at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Sites (RFETS). This work was performed with support from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Safe Sites of Colorado (SSOC). A description of the remediation needs for the RFETS incinerator ash is provided in a report summarizing the recommended processing option for treatment of the ash (Lucy et al. 1998). The recommended process flowsheet involves a calcination pretreatment step to remove carbonaceous material followed by a vitrification processing step for a mixture of glass tit and calcined incinerator ash. ... continued below

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50 p.

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Wigent, W.L.; Luey, J.K.; Scheele, R.D. & Li, H. April 8, 1999.

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Description

In 1997, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) staff developed a processing option for incinerator ash at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Sites (RFETS). This work was performed with support from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Safe Sites of Colorado (SSOC). A description of the remediation needs for the RFETS incinerator ash is provided in a report summarizing the recommended processing option for treatment of the ash (Lucy et al. 1998). The recommended process flowsheet involves a calcination pretreatment step to remove carbonaceous material followed by a vitrification processing step for a mixture of glass tit and calcined incinerator ash. Using the calcination pretreatment step to remove carbonaceous material reduced process upsets for the vitrification step, allowed for increased waste loading in the final product, and improved the quality of the final product. Figure 1.1 illustrates the flow sheet for the recommended processing option for treatment of RFETS incinerator ash. In 1998, work at PNNL further developed the recommended flow sheet through a series of studies to better define the vitrification operating parameters and to address secondary processing issues (such as characterizing the offgas species from the calcination process). Because a prototypical rotary calciner was not available for use, studies to evaluate the offgas from the calcination process were performed using a benchtop rotary calciner and laboratory-scale equipment (Lucy et al. 1998). This report focuses on the vitrification process step after ash has been calcined. Testing with full-scale containers was performed using ash surrogates and a muffle furnace similar to that planned for use at RFETS. Small-scale testing was performed using plutonium-bearing incinerator ash to verify performance of the waste form. Ash was not obtained from RFETS because of transportation requirements to calcine the incinerator ash prior to shipment of the material. Because part of PNNL's work was to characterize the ash prior to calcination and to investigate the effect of calcination on product quality, representative material was obtained from LANL. Ash obtained from LANL was selected based on its similarity to that currently stored at RFETS. The plutonium-bearing ashes obtained from LANL are likely from a RFETS incinerator, but the exact origin was not identified.

Physical Description

50 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE00005492

Medium: P; Size: 50 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 8 Apr 1999

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  • Report No.: PNNL-12102
  • Report No.: 820101000
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/5492 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5492
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc693014

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  • April 8, 1999

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • April 13, 2017, 12:08 p.m.

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Wigent, W.L.; Luey, J.K.; Scheele, R.D. & Li, H. Evaluation of Vitrification Processing Step for Rocky Flats Incinerator Ash, report, April 8, 1999; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc693014/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.