From meandering to straight grain boundaries: Improving the structures of artificially-induced grain boundaries in superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} bicrystals

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This paper presents several key aspects of the successful approach to preparing artificially-induced [001] tilt YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (YBCO) grain boundaries (GBs) with uniform, well-defined structures. The authors have compared the structure of GBs produced in thin film bicrystals and bulk bicrystals, respectively. In the YBCO thin film bicrystals prepared by off-axis magnetron sputtering, meandering rather than planar GBs were generally formed due to the three-dimensional island-shaped nucleation and growth of the thin films. Experimentally, using a low film deposition rate has been demonstrated to reduce the magnitude of meander. However, complete elimination of the meandering configuration has not ... continued below

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23 p.

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Zhang, X.F.; Todt, V.R. & Miller, D.J. August 1, 1997.

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Description

This paper presents several key aspects of the successful approach to preparing artificially-induced [001] tilt YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (YBCO) grain boundaries (GBs) with uniform, well-defined structures. The authors have compared the structure of GBs produced in thin film bicrystals and bulk bicrystals, respectively. In the YBCO thin film bicrystals prepared by off-axis magnetron sputtering, meandering rather than planar GBs were generally formed due to the three-dimensional island-shaped nucleation and growth of the thin films. Experimentally, using a low film deposition rate has been demonstrated to reduce the magnitude of meander. However, complete elimination of the meandering configuration has not yet been accomplished due to the film growth mechanism. Thus, the authors have developed a dual-seeded-melt-texture process to produce uniform, planar GBs in [001] tilt YBCO bulk bicrystals. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies revealed GBs with a remarkably planar configuration on both micro and nano-meter scales, demonstrating that simpler, meander-free GB microstructures with well defined [001] tilt angle have been successfully produced compared to those formed in bicrystal thin films. The high reproducibility, excellent stability and well controlled GB orientations have established the dual-seeded-melt-texture process as a reliable technique for engineering artificial GBs for the purpose of systematic studies of GB properties and allow for more insightful measurements of transport properties across individual GBs.

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23 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97008261

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1997]

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  • Other: DE97008261
  • Report No.: ANL/MSD/PP--92032
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/515608 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 515608
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc693002

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  • August 1, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Aug. 23, 2016, 3:03 p.m.

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Zhang, X.F.; Todt, V.R. & Miller, D.J. From meandering to straight grain boundaries: Improving the structures of artificially-induced grain boundaries in superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} bicrystals, report, August 1, 1997; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc693002/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.