Simulations of laser imprint for Nova experiments and for ignition capsules

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In direct drive ICF, nonuniformities in laser illumination seed ripples at the ablation front in a process called imprint. These non nonuniformities grow during the capsule implosion and, if initially large enough, can penetrate the capsule shell, impede ignition, or degrade burn. Imprint has been simulated for recent experiments performed on the Nova laser at LLNL examining a variety of beam smoothing conditions. Most used laser intensities similar to the early part of an ignition capsule pulse shape, I=10X13 W/cm3. The simulations matched most of the measurements of imprint modulation. The effect of imprint upon National Ignition Facility (NIF) direct ... continued below

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31 p.; Other: FDE: PDF; PL:

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Weber, S.V.; Glendinning, S.G.; Kalantar, D.H.; Key, M.H.; Remington, B.A.; Rothenberg, J.E. et al. November 8, 1996.

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Description

In direct drive ICF, nonuniformities in laser illumination seed ripples at the ablation front in a process called imprint. These non nonuniformities grow during the capsule implosion and, if initially large enough, can penetrate the capsule shell, impede ignition, or degrade burn. Imprint has been simulated for recent experiments performed on the Nova laser at LLNL examining a variety of beam smoothing conditions. Most used laser intensities similar to the early part of an ignition capsule pulse shape, I=10X13 W/cm3. The simulations matched most of the measurements of imprint modulation. The effect of imprint upon National Ignition Facility (NIF) direct drive ignition capsules has also been simulated. Imprint is predicted to give modulation comparable to an intrinsic surface finish of 10 nm RMS. Modulation growth was examined using the Haan model, with linear growth as a function of spherical harmonic mode number obtained from an analytic dispersion relation. Ablation front amplitudes are predicted to become substantially nonlinear, so that saturation corrections are large. Direct numerical simulations of two- dimensional multimode growth were also performed. The capsule shell is predicted to remain intact, which gives a basis for believing that ignition can be achieved.

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31 p.; Other: FDE: PDF; PL:

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OSTI as DE98050763

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  • Meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics of the American Physical Society, Denver, CO (United States), 11-15 Nov 1996

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  • Other: DE98050763
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--124547
  • Report No.: CONF-961102--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 641027
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc692918

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  • November 8, 1996

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 23, 2016, 12:15 p.m.

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Weber, S.V.; Glendinning, S.G.; Kalantar, D.H.; Key, M.H.; Remington, B.A.; Rothenberg, J.E. et al. Simulations of laser imprint for Nova experiments and for ignition capsules, article, November 8, 1996; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc692918/: accessed May 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.