Preparation for kinetic measurements on the silicates of the Yucca Mountain potential repository. [Final report], June 15, 1993--September 30, 1993

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Part 1, ``The Preparation of Clinoptilolite, Mordenite and Analcime,`` summarized progress made during the contract period on preparing Na-end member clinoptilolite, mordenite, and analcime. The objective is to use the prepared zeolites to determine rates of dissolution and precipitation in laboratory flow-through systems in both this lab to 350 C and by the geochemists at Yale University to about 80 C. Because clinoptilolite represents the most complicated phase of these three zeolites and it is most abundant at Yucca Mountain, the authors have concentrated most of their efforts on its preparation. They have collected, high-concentration natural clinoptilolite samples. A hindered ... continued below

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37 p.

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Creator: Unknown. December 31, 1993.

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Description

Part 1, ``The Preparation of Clinoptilolite, Mordenite and Analcime,`` summarized progress made during the contract period on preparing Na-end member clinoptilolite, mordenite, and analcime. The objective is to use the prepared zeolites to determine rates of dissolution and precipitation in laboratory flow-through systems in both this lab to 350 C and by the geochemists at Yale University to about 80 C. Because clinoptilolite represents the most complicated phase of these three zeolites and it is most abundant at Yucca Mountain, the authors have concentrated most of their efforts on its preparation. They have collected, high-concentration natural clinoptilolite samples. A hindered settling technique that takes advantage of the relatively low specific gravity of clinoptilolite coupled with ultrasonic cleaning in deionized water has been employed. This material is now a mixed Na-K zeolite which must then be converted to the pure Na-end member composition. In Part 2, ``Draft Manuscript on the Heterogeneous Kinetics of Cristobalite,`` experiments on the rates of reactions of dissolution and precipitation of cristobalite were carried at 150--300 C. Results show that cristobalite may precipitate from hydrothermal solution if the concentration of Si(OH){sub 4} exceeds that at quartz saturation and is less than that of amorphous silica saturation and if there are cristobalite nuclei present. Such nuclei may occur where there has been devitrification of volcanic glasses, for example. Cristobalite has refused to crystallize in the absence of such nuclei. Steady state concentrations were reached experimentally after starting at 150 {degree} with initially supersaturated solutions and at 200 C starting with either supersaturated or undersaturated solutions. From the steady state conditions, equilibrium constants can be derived.

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37 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE94017049

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1993]

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  • Other: DE94017049
  • Report No.: LA-SUB--94-34
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • DOI: 10.2172/60734 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 60734
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc692794

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  • December 31, 1993

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Preparation for kinetic measurements on the silicates of the Yucca Mountain potential repository. [Final report], June 15, 1993--September 30, 1993, report, December 31, 1993; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc692794/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.