Nonlinear theory of kinetic instabilities near threshold

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Description

A new nonlinear equation has been derived and solved for the evolution of an unstable collective mode in a kinetic system close to the threshold of linear instability. The resonant particle response produces the dominant nonlinearity, which can be calculated iteratively in the near-threshold regime as long as the mode doe snot trap resonant particles. With sources and classical relaxation processes included, the theory describes both soft nonlinear regimes, where the mode saturation level is proportional to an increment above threshold, and explosive nonlinear regimes, where the mode grows to a level that is independent of the closeness to threshold. ... continued below

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30 p.

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Berk, H.L.; Pekker, M.S. & Breizman, B.N. May 1, 1997.

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Description

A new nonlinear equation has been derived and solved for the evolution of an unstable collective mode in a kinetic system close to the threshold of linear instability. The resonant particle response produces the dominant nonlinearity, which can be calculated iteratively in the near-threshold regime as long as the mode doe snot trap resonant particles. With sources and classical relaxation processes included, the theory describes both soft nonlinear regimes, where the mode saturation level is proportional to an increment above threshold, and explosive nonlinear regimes, where the mode grows to a level that is independent of the closeness to threshold. The explosive solutions exhibit mode frequency shifting. For modes that exist in the absence of energetic particles, the frequency shift is both upward and downward. For modes that require energetic particles for their existence, there is a preferred direction of the frequency shift. The frequency shift continues even after the mode traps resonant particles.

Physical Description

30 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97008140

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  • Other Information: PBD: May 1997

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  • Other: DE97008140
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/54346--787
  • Report No.: IFSR--787
  • Grant Number: FG03-96ER54346
  • DOI: 10.2172/510404 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 510404
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc692526

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  • May 1, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Aug. 10, 2016, 2:14 p.m.

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Berk, H.L.; Pekker, M.S. & Breizman, B.N. Nonlinear theory of kinetic instabilities near threshold, report, May 1, 1997; Austin, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc692526/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.