X-ray laser measurements of direct drive imprint on vulcan

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High gain direct drive inertial confinement fusion requires very uniform irradiation of a hollow spherical shell with a layer of fusionable deuterium and tritium on its inner surface. The intensity of laser irradiation builds up in several nanoseconds from an initial `foot` at {approximately}10{sup 13} W/cm{sup 2} to more than 10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2} during the main drive pulse. Laser ablation of the capsule surface produces a high pressure, accelerating the shell radially inward, and resulting in Rayleigh-Taylor (R-T) growth of surface perturbations originating from both the initial surface roughness of the capsule and from imprint of spatial non- uniformities ... continued below

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7 p.

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Kalantar, D.H.; Wolfrum, E. & Zhang, J. July 1, 1997.

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Description

High gain direct drive inertial confinement fusion requires very uniform irradiation of a hollow spherical shell with a layer of fusionable deuterium and tritium on its inner surface. The intensity of laser irradiation builds up in several nanoseconds from an initial `foot` at {approximately}10{sup 13} W/cm{sup 2} to more than 10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2} during the main drive pulse. Laser ablation of the capsule surface produces a high pressure, accelerating the shell radially inward, and resulting in Rayleigh-Taylor (R-T) growth of surface perturbations originating from both the initial surface roughness of the capsule and from imprint of spatial non- uniformities in the laser drive intensity early in the laser pulse. The uniformity of illumination on a direct drive implosion capsule is determined on a large scale by the multi-beam irradiation geometry, and on a small scale by beam smoothing techniques. By using a large number of beams (such as the 60 beams of the Omega laser or 48 beam clusters for the NIF), large scale non-uniformities due to the overlap of the laser focal spots are adequately reduced. Random phase plates (RPPs) are introduced to smooth the individual beam focal spots. The spatial intensity variations of the individual beam speckle patterns may be smoothed by spectral dispersion (SD) with induced spatial incoherence (ISI) or by using partially coherent light. We performed experiments to study the imprint under conditions simulating the low intensity foot of the pulse on an ignition target, such as designed for the NIF. We used a 0.53 micrometer laser wavelength, and considered the imprint in thin Al foils due to both a broadband distribution of modes such as those in smoothed speckle patterns, and a single mode optical intensity variation. We characterized the laser imprint using a Ge x-ray laser and multilayer imaging optics, as described previously. In this paper we summarize and compare the multiple and single mode imprinting results. 9 refs., 7 figs.

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7 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE98051042

Other: FDE: PDF; PL:

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Jul 1997

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  • Other: DE98051042
  • Report No.: UCRL-ID--128006
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/632785 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 632785
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc692410

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  • July 1, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • April 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.

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Kalantar, D.H.; Wolfrum, E. & Zhang, J. X-ray laser measurements of direct drive imprint on vulcan, report, July 1, 1997; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc692410/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.