Comparison of elastic-viscous-plastic and viscous-plastic dynamics models using a high resolution Arctic sea ice model

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A nonlinear viscous-plastic (VP) rheology proposed by Hibler (1979) has been demonstrated to be the most suitable of the rheologies commonly used for modeling sea ice dynamics. However, the presence of a huge range of effective viscosities hinders numerical implementations of this model, particularly on high resolution grids or when the ice model is coupled to an ocean or atmosphere model. Hunke and Dukowicz (1997) have modified the VP model by including elastic waves as a numerical regularization in the case of zero strain rate. This modification (EVP) allows an efficient, fully explicit discretization that adapts well to parallel architectures. ... continued below

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3 p.

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Hunke, E.C. & Zhang, Y. December 31, 1997.

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  • Hunke, E.C. Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)
  • Zhang, Y. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)

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Description

A nonlinear viscous-plastic (VP) rheology proposed by Hibler (1979) has been demonstrated to be the most suitable of the rheologies commonly used for modeling sea ice dynamics. However, the presence of a huge range of effective viscosities hinders numerical implementations of this model, particularly on high resolution grids or when the ice model is coupled to an ocean or atmosphere model. Hunke and Dukowicz (1997) have modified the VP model by including elastic waves as a numerical regularization in the case of zero strain rate. This modification (EVP) allows an efficient, fully explicit discretization that adapts well to parallel architectures. The authors present a comparison of EVP and VP dynamics model results from two 5-year simulations of Arctic sea ice, obtained with a high resolution sea ice model. The purpose of the comparison is to determine how differently the two dynamics models behave, and to decide whether the elastic-viscous-plastic model is preferable for high resolution climate simulations, considering its high efficiency in parallel computation. Results from the first year of this experiment (1990) are discussed in detail in Hunke and Zhang (1997).

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3 p.

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OSTI as DE98001546

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  • 2. ACYSYS science conference, Orcas Island, WA (United States), 3-6 Nov 1997

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  • Other: DE98001546
  • Report No.: LA-UR--97-3867
  • Report No.: CONF-971191--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • DOI: 10.2172/563300 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 563300
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc691538

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  • December 31, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 25, 2016, 2:07 p.m.

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Hunke, E.C. & Zhang, Y. Comparison of elastic-viscous-plastic and viscous-plastic dynamics models using a high resolution Arctic sea ice model, report, December 31, 1997; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc691538/: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.