Biomonitoring test procedures and biological criteria

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The Water Environment Federation recently issued a special publication, Biomonitoring in the Water Environment. In this paper, the authors highlight the contents of the chapter 3, Biomonitoring Test Procedures, identify current trends in test procedures and introduce the concept of biological criteria (biocriteria). The book chapter (and this paper) focuses on freshwater and marine chronic and acute toxicity tests used in the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits program to identify effluents and receiving waters containing toxic materials in acutely or chronically toxic concentrations. The two major categories of toxicity tests include acute tests and chronic tests. The USEPA ... continued below

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11 p.

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Kszos, L.A.; Lipschultz, M.J. & Foster, W.E. October 1, 1997.

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Description

The Water Environment Federation recently issued a special publication, Biomonitoring in the Water Environment. In this paper, the authors highlight the contents of the chapter 3, Biomonitoring Test Procedures, identify current trends in test procedures and introduce the concept of biological criteria (biocriteria). The book chapter (and this paper) focuses on freshwater and marine chronic and acute toxicity tests used in the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits program to identify effluents and receiving waters containing toxic materials in acutely or chronically toxic concentrations. The two major categories of toxicity tests include acute tests and chronic tests. The USEPA chronic tests required in NPDEs permits have been shortened to 7 days by focusing on the most sensitive life-cycle stages; these tests are often referred to as short-term chronic tests. The type of test(s) required depend on NPDES permit requirements, objectives of the test, available resources, requirements of the test organisms, and effluent characteristics such as variability in flow or toxicity. The permit writer will determine the requirements for toxicity test(s) by considering such factors as dilution, effluent variability, and exposure variability. Whether the required test is acute or chronic, the objective of the test is to estimate the safe or no effect concentration which is defined as the concentration which will permit normal propagation of fish and other aquatic life in the receiving waters. In this paper, the authors review the types of toxicity tests, the commonly used test organisms, and the uses of toxicity test data. In addition, they briefly describe research on new methods and the use of biological criteria.

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11 p.

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OSTI as DE97008552

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  • 70. annual conference and exposition of the Water Environment Federation, Chicago, IL (United States), 18-22 Oct 1997

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  • Other: DE97008552
  • Report No.: CONF-971030--2
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 541824
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc691434

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  • October 1, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Jan. 21, 2016, 4:53 p.m.

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Kszos, L.A.; Lipschultz, M.J. & Foster, W.E. Biomonitoring test procedures and biological criteria, article, October 1, 1997; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc691434/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.