ELM heat flux in the ITER divertor

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Edge-Localized-Modes (ELMs) have the potential to produce unacceptable levels of erosion of the ITER divertor. Ablation of the carbon divertor target will occur if the surface temperature rises above about 2,500 C. Because a large number of ELMs, {ge}1000, are expected in each discharge it is important that the surface temperature rise due to an individual ELM remain below this threshold. Calculations that have been carried out for the ITER carbon divertor target indicate ablation will occur for ELM energy {ge}0.5MJ/m{sup 2} if it is deposited in 0.1 ms, or 1.2 MJ/m{sup 2} if the deposition time is 1.0 ms. ... continued below

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5 p.

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Leonard, A.W.; Osborne, T.H.; Hermann, A.; Suttrop, W.; Itami, K.; Lingertat, J. et al. July 1, 1998.

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  • General Atomic Company
    Publisher Info: General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
    Place of Publication: San Diego, California

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Edge-Localized-Modes (ELMs) have the potential to produce unacceptable levels of erosion of the ITER divertor. Ablation of the carbon divertor target will occur if the surface temperature rises above about 2,500 C. Because a large number of ELMs, {ge}1000, are expected in each discharge it is important that the surface temperature rise due to an individual ELM remain below this threshold. Calculations that have been carried out for the ITER carbon divertor target indicate ablation will occur for ELM energy {ge}0.5MJ/m{sup 2} if it is deposited in 0.1 ms, or 1.2 MJ/m{sup 2} if the deposition time is 1.0 ms. Since {Delta}T{proportional_to}Q{Delta}t{sup {minus}1/2}, an ablation threshold can be estimated at Q{Delta}t{sup {minus}1/2}{approx}45 MJm{sup {minus}2} s{sup {minus}1/2} where Q is the divertor ELM energy density in J-m{sup {minus}2} and {Delta}t is the time in seconds for that deposition. If a significant fraction of ELMs exceed this threshold then an unacceptable level of erosion may take place. The ablation parameter in ITER can be determined by scaling four factors from present experiments: the ELM energy loss from the core plasma, the fraction of ELM energy deposited on the divertor target, the area of the ELM profile onto the target, and the time for the ELM deposition. ELM data from JET, ASDEX-Upgrade, JT-60U, DIII-D and Compass-D have been assembled by the ITER Divertor Modeling and Database expert group into a database for the purpose of predicting these factors for ELMs in the ITER divertor.

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5 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE98007256

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  • 25. European Physical Society conference on controlled fusion and plasma physics, Prague (Czech Republic), 29 Jun - 3 Jul 1998

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  • Other: DE98007256
  • Report No.: GA--A22899
  • Report No.: CONF-980678--
  • Grant Number: AC03-89ER51114
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 638247
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc691328

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • July 1, 1998

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • April 18, 2016, 6 p.m.

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Leonard, A.W.; Osborne, T.H.; Hermann, A.; Suttrop, W.; Itami, K.; Lingertat, J. et al. ELM heat flux in the ITER divertor, article, July 1, 1998; San Diego, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc691328/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.