Existing climate data sources and Their Use in Heat IslandResearch

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Existing climate data sources can be used in two general types of analysis for the detection of urban heat islands. Historical analyses use long-term data records-preferentially from several locations in and around an urban area-to trace the gradual influence of urban development on its climate. Primary sources of such data include the cooperative network, first-order National Weather Service stations, and military weather stations. Analyses of short-term data use information from a dense urban weather station network to discern the location, extent, and magnitude of urban heat islands. Such analyses may use the aforementioned national networks or regional networks such as ... continued below

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118 pages

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Akbari, Hashem; Pon, Brian; Smith, Craig Kenton & Stamper-Kurn, Dan Moses October 1, 1998.

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Description

Existing climate data sources can be used in two general types of analysis for the detection of urban heat islands. Historical analyses use long-term data records-preferentially from several locations in and around an urban area-to trace the gradual influence of urban development on its climate. Primary sources of such data include the cooperative network, first-order National Weather Service stations, and military weather stations. Analyses of short-term data use information from a dense urban weather station network to discern the location, extent, and magnitude of urban heat islands. Such analyses may use the aforementioned national networks or regional networks such as agricultural, air quality monitoring, or utility networks. We demonstrate the use of existing data sources with a historical analysis of temperature trends in Los Angeles, California, and an analysis of short-term data of the urban temperature profile for Phoenix, Arizona. The Los Angeles climate was examined with eleven long-term data records from the cooperative network. Statistically significant trends of rising temperature were detected at Los Angeles Civic Center and other stations over some parts of the year, although timing of the increase varied from station to station. Observed increases in temperatures maybe due to long-term climate changes, microclimate influences, or local-scale heat islands. The analysis of short-term data was made for Phoenix using the PRISMS station network. Mean diurnal temperature profiles for a month were examined and compared with those for adjacent rural areas. Data fi-om stations in the center of Phoenix showed clear and significant nighttime and daytime temperature differences of 1- 2K (3 - 4"F). These temperature increases maybe attributable to a local-scale heat island.

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118 pages

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  • Other: DE00006415
  • Report No.: LBNL--41973
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • DOI: 10.2172/6415 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 6415
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc691212

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  • October 1, 1998

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Aug. 30, 2016, 6:51 p.m.

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Akbari, Hashem; Pon, Brian; Smith, Craig Kenton & Stamper-Kurn, Dan Moses. Existing climate data sources and Their Use in Heat IslandResearch, report, October 1, 1998; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc691212/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.