Plasma flow in the DIII-D divertor

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Indications that flows in the divertor can exhibit complex behavior have been obtained from 2-D modeling but so far remain mostly unconfirmed by experiment. An important feature of flow physics is that of flow reversal. Flow reversal has been predicted analytically and it is expected when the ionization source arising from neutral or impurity ionization in the divertor region is large, creating a high pressure zone. Plasma flows arise to equilibrate the pressure. A radiative divertor regime has been proposed in order to reduce the heat and particle fluxes to the divertor target plates. In this regime, the energy and ... continued below

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5 p.

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Boedo, J. A.; Porter, G. D. & Schaffer, M. J. July 1998.

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Description

Indications that flows in the divertor can exhibit complex behavior have been obtained from 2-D modeling but so far remain mostly unconfirmed by experiment. An important feature of flow physics is that of flow reversal. Flow reversal has been predicted analytically and it is expected when the ionization source arising from neutral or impurity ionization in the divertor region is large, creating a high pressure zone. Plasma flows arise to equilibrate the pressure. A radiative divertor regime has been proposed in order to reduce the heat and particle fluxes to the divertor target plates. In this regime, the energy and momentum of the plasma are dissipated into neutral gas introduced in the divertor region, cooling the plasma by collisional, radiative and other atomic processes so that the plasma becomes detached from the target plates. These regimes have been the subject of extensive studies in DIII-D to evaluate their energy and particle transport properties, but only recently it has been proposed that the energy transport over large regions of the divertor must be dominated by convection instead of conduction. It is therefore important to understand the role of the plasma conditions and geometry on determining the region of convection-dominated plasma in order to properly control the heat and particle fluxes to the target plates and hence, divertor performance. The authors have observed complex structures in the deuterium ion flows in the DIII-D divertor. Features observed include reverse flow, convective flow over a large volume of the divertor and stagnant flow. They have measured large gradients in the plasma potential across the separatrix in the divertor and determined that these gradients induce poloidal flows that can potentially affect the particle balance in the divertor.

Physical Description

5 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE98007253

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  • 25. European Physical Society conference on controlled fusion and plasma physics, Prague (Czech Republic), 29 Jun - 3 Jul 1998

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  • Other: DE98007253
  • Report No.: GA--A22915
  • Report No.: CONF-980678--
  • Grant Number: AC03-89ER51114;AC05-96OR22464;AC04-94AL85000;FG03-95ER54294;W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 638246
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc690841

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  • July 1998

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Aug. 1, 2016, 6:38 p.m.

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Boedo, J. A.; Porter, G. D. & Schaffer, M. J. Plasma flow in the DIII-D divertor, article, July 1998; San Diego, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc690841/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.