Top-seed solution growth and characterization of AlSb single crystals for gamma-ray detectors. Final report, 1 October 1994--30 September 1995

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The ultimate objective of the conducted research is to ascertain the potential of AlSb (in single crystal form) for application as {gamma}-detector material operating at room temperature. To this end approaches to crystal growth were to be developed which permit control of growth parameters affecting critical application specific properties of AlSb. The research was focused on exploration of the effectiveness of the Czochralski method and on the development of methods and procedures leading to AlSb crystals with low free carrier concentration and a high mobility-lifetime product. Conventional melt growth of AlSb by the Czochralski technique (from stoichiometric charges) generally yielded ... continued below

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11 p.

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Witt, A.F.; Becla, P.; Counterman, C.; DiFrancesco, J.; Landahl, G.; Morse, K. et al. January 26, 1996.

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Description

The ultimate objective of the conducted research is to ascertain the potential of AlSb (in single crystal form) for application as {gamma}-detector material operating at room temperature. To this end approaches to crystal growth were to be developed which permit control of growth parameters affecting critical application specific properties of AlSb. The research was focused on exploration of the effectiveness of the Czochralski method and on the development of methods and procedures leading to AlSb crystals with low free carrier concentration and a high mobility-lifetime product. Conventional melt growth of AlSb by the Czochralski technique (from stoichiometric charges) generally yielded material with high net carrier concentrations and low mobility-lifetime products. Significant improvement in crystal properties was achieved, when operating with non-stoichiometric melts, containing Sb in excess at levels of 3 to 10 mol%, further improvements were obtained when changing ambient argon pressure from atmospheric to 300 psi, and using high purity alumina crucibles which were inductively heated with a graphite susceptor CVD coated with silicon-carbide. Initial efforts to reduce evaporative loss of Sb through application of the LEC technique (liquid encapsulated Czochralski) with conventional encapsulants (B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, LiF, CaF{sub 2}) failed because of their interaction with the crucible and the AlSb melt. Compensation techniques (based on extrinsic doping) were found to lead to the desired reduction of free carriers in AlSb. Such material, however, exhibits a significant decrease of charge carrier mobility and lifetime. Early termination of this research program prevented optimization of critical materials properties in AlSb and precluded at this time a realistic assessment of the potential of this material for solid state detector applications.

Physical Description

11 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE98001743

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  • Annual meeting of the Division of High Polymer Physics of the American Physical Society, San Jose, CA (United States), 20-24 Mar 1995

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  • Other: DE98001743
  • Report No.: DOE/NV/11627--2
  • Report No.: CONF-950380--
  • Grant Number: FG08-94NV11627
  • DOI: 10.2172/584984 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 584984
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc690636

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  • January 26, 1996

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 20, 2017, 1:48 p.m.

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Witt, A.F.; Becla, P.; Counterman, C.; DiFrancesco, J.; Landahl, G.; Morse, K. et al. Top-seed solution growth and characterization of AlSb single crystals for gamma-ray detectors. Final report, 1 October 1994--30 September 1995, report, January 26, 1996; Cambridge, Massachusetts. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc690636/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.