Allergy arising from exposure to airborne contaminants in an insect rearing facility: Health effects and exposure control

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In agricultural crop improvement, yield under various stress conditions and limiting factors is assessed experimentally. Of the stresses on plants which affect yield are those due to insects. Ostrinia nubilalis, the European corn borer (corn borer) is a major pest in sweet and field corn in the U.S. There are many ways to fight crop pests such as the corn borer, including (1) application of chemical insecticides, (2) application of natural predators and, (3) improving crop resistance through plant genetics programs. Randomized field trials are used to determine the effectiveness of pest management programs. These trials frequently consist of randomly ... continued below

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55 p.

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Wolff, D. June 1, 1994.

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Description

In agricultural crop improvement, yield under various stress conditions and limiting factors is assessed experimentally. Of the stresses on plants which affect yield are those due to insects. Ostrinia nubilalis, the European corn borer (corn borer) is a major pest in sweet and field corn in the U.S. There are many ways to fight crop pests such as the corn borer, including (1) application of chemical insecticides, (2) application of natural predators and, (3) improving crop resistance through plant genetics programs. Randomized field trials are used to determine the effectiveness of pest management programs. These trials frequently consist of randomly selected crop plots to which well-defined input regimes are instituted. For example, corn borers might be released onto crop plots in several densities at various stages of crop development, then sprayed with different levels of pesticide. These experiments are duplicated across regions and, in some cases across the country, to determine, in this instance for example, the best pesticide application rate for a given pest density and crop development stage. In order to release these pests onto crop plots, one must have an adequate supply of the insect pest. In winter months studies are carried out in the laboratory to examine chemical and natural pesticide effectiveness, as well as such things as the role of pheromones in moth behavior. The advantage in field trials is that yield data can be garnered directly. In this country, insects are raised for crop research primarily through the US Department of Agriculture, in cooperation with public Land Grant Universities and, by the private sector agricultural concerns - seed companies and others. This study quantifies the airborne allergen exposure of persons working in a Land Grant University entomology lab were allergy to European corn borer was suspected.

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55 p.

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OSTI as DE97053795

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jun 1994

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  • Other: DE97053795
  • Report No.: DOE/OR/00033--T763
  • Grant Number: AC05-76OR00033
  • DOI: 10.2172/576050 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 576050
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc690510

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • June 1, 1994

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • June 13, 2016, 1:15 p.m.

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Wolff, D. Allergy arising from exposure to airborne contaminants in an insect rearing facility: Health effects and exposure control, report, June 1, 1994; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc690510/: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.