Stable isotopes of authigenic minerals in variably-saturated fractured tuff

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Description

Identifying stable isotope variation and mineralogical changes in fractured rock may help establish the history of climatic and geomorphological processes that might affect the isolation properties of a waste repository site. This study examines the use of the stable isotope ratios of oxygen ({sup 18}O/{sup 16}O) and carbon ({sup 13}C/{sup 12}C) in authigenic minerals as hydrogeochemical tools tracing low-temperature rock-water interaction in variably-saturated fractured stuff. Isotopic compositions of fracture-filling and rock matrix minerals in the Apache Leap tuff, near Superior, Arizona were concordant with geothermal temperatures and in equilibrium with water isotopically similar to present-day meteoric water and groundwater. Oxygen ... continued below

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Medium: P; Size: 71 p.

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Weber, D.S. & Evans, D.D. November 1, 1988.

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Description

Identifying stable isotope variation and mineralogical changes in fractured rock may help establish the history of climatic and geomorphological processes that might affect the isolation properties of a waste repository site. This study examines the use of the stable isotope ratios of oxygen ({sup 18}O/{sup 16}O) and carbon ({sup 13}C/{sup 12}C) in authigenic minerals as hydrogeochemical tools tracing low-temperature rock-water interaction in variably-saturated fractured stuff. Isotopic compositions of fracture-filling and rock matrix minerals in the Apache Leap tuff, near Superior, Arizona were concordant with geothermal temperatures and in equilibrium with water isotopically similar to present-day meteoric water and groundwater. Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios of fracture-filling, in unsaturated fractured tuff, displayed an isotopic gradient believed to result from near-surface isotopic enrichment due to evaporation rather than the effects of rock-water interaction. Oxygen isotope ratios of rock matrix opal samples exhibited an isotopic gradient believed to result from, leaching and reprecipitation of silica at depth. Methods and results can be used to further define primary flowpaths and the movement of water in variably-saturated fractured rock. 71 refs., 23 figs., 3 tabs.

Physical Description

Medium: P; Size: 71 p.

Notes

NTIS, PC A05/MF A01 - GPO; OSTI as TI89002740

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  • Other Information: PBD: Nov 1988

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  • Other: TI89002740
  • Report No.: NUREG/CR--5255
  • DOI: 10.2172/60500 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 60500
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc689988

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  • November 1, 1988

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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Weber, D.S. & Evans, D.D. Stable isotopes of authigenic minerals in variably-saturated fractured tuff, report, November 1, 1988; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689988/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.