Americium/curium extraction from a lanthanide borosilicate glass

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A solution containing kilogram quantities of highly radioactive isotopes of americium and curium (Am/Cm) and lanthanide fission products is currently stored in a process tank at the Department of Energy`s Savannah River Site (SRS). This tank and its vital support systems are old, subject to deterioration, and prone to possible leakage. For this reason, a program has been initiated to stabilize this material as a lanthanide borosilicate (LBS) glass. The Am/Cm has commercial value and is desired for use by the heavy isotope programs at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A recovery flowsheet was demonstrated using a curium containing ... continued below

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9 p.

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Rudisill, T.S.; Pareizs, J.M. & Ramsey, W.G. December 1, 1996.

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Description

A solution containing kilogram quantities of highly radioactive isotopes of americium and curium (Am/Cm) and lanthanide fission products is currently stored in a process tank at the Department of Energy`s Savannah River Site (SRS). This tank and its vital support systems are old, subject to deterioration, and prone to possible leakage. For this reason, a program has been initiated to stabilize this material as a lanthanide borosilicate (LBS) glass. The Am/Cm has commercial value and is desired for use by the heavy isotope programs at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A recovery flowsheet was demonstrated using a curium containing glass to extract the Am/Cm from the glass matrix. The procedure involved grinding the glass to less than 200 mesh and dissolving in concentrated nitric acid at 110 {degrees}C. Under these conditions, the dissolution was essentially 100% after 2 hours except for the insoluble silicon. Using a nonradioactive surrogate, the expected glass dissolution rate during Am/Cm recovery was bracketed by using both static and agitated conditions. The measured rates, 0.0082 and 0.040 g/hr.sq cm, were used to develop a predictive model for the time required to dissolve a spherical glass particle in terms of the glass density, particle size, and measured rate. The calculated dissolution time was in agreement with the experimental observation that the curium glass dissolution was complete in less than 2 hrs.

Physical Description

9 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97008653

Source

  • 1996 Fall meeting of the Materials Research Society (MRS), Boston, MA (United States), 2-6 Dec 1996

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  • Other: DE97008653
  • Report No.: WSRC-TR--96-0371-Rev.1
  • Report No.: CONF-961202--
  • Grant Number: AC09-89SR18035
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 620979
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc689977

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • December 1, 1996

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • June 13, 2016, 6:37 p.m.

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Rudisill, T.S.; Pareizs, J.M. & Ramsey, W.G. Americium/curium extraction from a lanthanide borosilicate glass, article, December 1, 1996; Aiken, South Carolina. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689977/: accessed December 10, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.