INOR-037: Encapsulation of hazardous metals with organic modified minerals

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Description

The authors studies have focused on the development of new materials for the control, treatment, and long term storage of hazardous metals. The process involves the introduction of hazardous cations into the matrix of clays through aqueous ion-exchange methods. These cations are subsequently encapsulated within the clay by treating the material with a variety of organic silanes. This treatment results in the formation of organic coatings which are chemically bonded to the surface of the clay. The coatings are hydrophobic in nature, and may restrict the diffusion of water into and out of the pores contained within the clay. The ... continued below

Physical Description

3 p.

Creation Information

Song, Kang; Wasserman, R. & Yuchs, S.E. December 31, 1995.

Context

This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this article can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this article or its content.

Publisher

Provided By

UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Serving as both a federal and a state depository library, the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department maintains millions of items in a variety of formats. The department is a member of the FDLP Content Partnerships Program and an Affiliated Archive of the National Archives.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this article. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Digital Library.

Description

The authors studies have focused on the development of new materials for the control, treatment, and long term storage of hazardous metals. The process involves the introduction of hazardous cations into the matrix of clays through aqueous ion-exchange methods. These cations are subsequently encapsulated within the clay by treating the material with a variety of organic silanes. This treatment results in the formation of organic coatings which are chemically bonded to the surface of the clay. The coatings are hydrophobic in nature, and may restrict the diffusion of water into and out of the pores contained within the clay. The goal of this process is to reduce the undesirable migration of hazardous metals from the ion-exchanged clays into the environment. A smectic type clay, bentonite, has been the primary inorganic matrix for this study. Bentonite, which is a form of montmorillonite, consists of two-dimensional sheets of aluminosilicates. Like other smectite clays, these sheets are separated by an interlayer which contains cations and water. The reactive groups within the alkyl silanes react with hydroxyl groups on the clay surface, as well as water contained on and within the clay. The authors results show that there is little difference in the metal content of the coated and noncoated clays. The cations are not removed from the clay by exposure to the silane. The clays also maintain their general structure and cystallinity upon surface modification. The organic coatings are stable to 500{degrees}C when heated under nitrogen. The ability of these systems to encapsulate the cations and prevent their migration into the environment is currently being evaluated.

Physical Description

3 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97008260

Source

  • 210. national meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS), Chicago, IL (United States), 20-25 Aug 1995

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this article in the Digital Library or other systems.

  • Other: DE97008260
  • Report No.: ANL/CHM/PP--87593
  • Report No.: CONF-950801--29
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 532653
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc689964

Collections

This article is part of the following collection of related materials.

Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

What responsibilities do I have when using this article?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this article.

Creation Date

  • December 31, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • June 23, 2016, 12:10 p.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this article last used?

Yesterday: 0
Past 30 days: 1
Total Uses: 6

Interact With This Article

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Start Reading

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Song, Kang; Wasserman, R. & Yuchs, S.E. INOR-037: Encapsulation of hazardous metals with organic modified minerals, article, December 31, 1995; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689964/: accessed April 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.