Alternative window schemes for CuInSe{sub 2}-based solar cells. Annual report, 1 November 1995--31 October 1996

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The objectives of this program are to develop alternate heterojunction partner layers (buffer layers) for high efficiency CuInSe{sub 2}-based thin-film solar cells, and improve the understanding of how these layers and the details of processing affect cell performance. Investigations have primarily involved three tasks: (1) MOCVD growth of non-cadmium containing buffer layers; (2) optimized processing of buffer layers for high efficiency solar cells; and (3) electrical and physical characterization of layers and devices. Investigations of alternative buffer layers emphasized studies of ZnO grown by MOCVD. Using CIS substrates obtained form Siemens for process development, it was determined that growth procedures ... continued below

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29 p.

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Olsen, L.C. October 1, 1997.

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  • Olsen, L.C. Washington State Univ., Richland, WA (United States). Electronic Materials Lab.

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Description

The objectives of this program are to develop alternate heterojunction partner layers (buffer layers) for high efficiency CuInSe{sub 2}-based thin-film solar cells, and improve the understanding of how these layers and the details of processing affect cell performance. Investigations have primarily involved three tasks: (1) MOCVD growth of non-cadmium containing buffer layers; (2) optimized processing of buffer layers for high efficiency solar cells; and (3) electrical and physical characterization of layers and devices. Investigations of alternative buffer layers emphasized studies of ZnO grown by MOCVD. Using CIS substrates obtained form Siemens for process development, it was determined that growth procedures that resulted in good results with Siemens CIS (non-sulfur containing material) substrates also worked well with NREL CIGS material. A two step process was developed for growing highly resistive ZnO buffer layers (i-ZnO). In particular, after growing 100 to 150 {angstrom} of ZnO at 250 C, an additional 600 {angstrom} to 800 {angstrom} were grown at 100 C. Collaboration with NREL resulted in a n-ZnO/i-ZnO/CIGS cell which was determined to have a total area efficiency of 12.7%, and an active area efficiency greater than 13%. After growing i-ZnO with the two-step process onto NREL CIGS material, the i-ZnO/CIGS film structure was sent to NREL for deposition of a TCO, namely, conducting ZnO (n-ZnO). Collector grids and a MgF{sub 2} AR coating were also deposited at NREL. Low level efforts were devoted to studies of ZnSe and InSe buffer layers. A total area efficiency of 9.5% was achieved for a completed ZnSe/CIS cell making use of a RF sputtered ZnO for a TCO. Investigations of In{sub x}Se{sub y} (InSe) buffer layers were also initiated this past year.

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29 p.

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OSTI as DE98000766

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  • Other Information: PBD: Oct 1997

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  • Other: DE98000766
  • Report No.: NREL/SR--520-23590
  • Grant Number: AC36-83CH10093
  • DOI: 10.2172/541850 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 541850
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc689768

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  • October 1, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • March 31, 2016, 6:04 p.m.

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Olsen, L.C. Alternative window schemes for CuInSe{sub 2}-based solar cells. Annual report, 1 November 1995--31 October 1996, report, October 1, 1997; Golden, Colorado. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689768/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.