Determining the temperature and density distribution from a Z-pinch radiation source

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High temperature radiation sources exceeding one hundred eV can be produced via z-pinches using currently available pulsed power. The usual approach to compare the z-pinch simulation and experimental data is to convert the radiation output at the source, whose temperature and density distributions are computed from the 2-D MHD code, into simulated data such as a spectrometer reading. This conversion process involves a radiation transfer calculation through the axially symmetric source, assuming local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE), and folding the radiation that reaches the detector with the frequency-dependent response function. In this paper the authors propose a different approach by which ... continued below

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23 p.

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Matuska, W. & Lee, H. November 1, 1997.

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High temperature radiation sources exceeding one hundred eV can be produced via z-pinches using currently available pulsed power. The usual approach to compare the z-pinch simulation and experimental data is to convert the radiation output at the source, whose temperature and density distributions are computed from the 2-D MHD code, into simulated data such as a spectrometer reading. This conversion process involves a radiation transfer calculation through the axially symmetric source, assuming local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE), and folding the radiation that reaches the detector with the frequency-dependent response function. In this paper the authors propose a different approach by which they can determine the temperature and density distributions of the radiation source directly from the spatially resolved spectral data. This unfolding process is reliable and unambiguous for the ideal case where LTE holds and the source is axially symmetric. In reality, imperfect LTE and axial symmetry will introduce inaccuracies into the unfolded distributions. The authors use a parameter optimization routine to find the temperature and density distributions that best fit the data. They know from their past experience that the radiation source resulting from the implosion of a thin foil does not exhibit good axial symmetry. However, recent experiments carried out at Sandia National Laboratory using multiple wire arrays were very promising to achieve reasonably good symmetry. For these experiments the method will provide a valuable diagnostic tool.

Physical Description

23 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE98000996

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  • 11. IEEE international pulsed power conference, Baltimore, MD (United States), 29 Jun - 2 Jul 1997; Other Information: DN: Includes vugraphs

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  • Other: DE98000996
  • Report No.: LA-UR--97-2960
  • Report No.: CONF-9706113--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 548733
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc689679

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  • November 1, 1997

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 25, 2016, 3:50 p.m.

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Matuska, W. & Lee, H. Determining the temperature and density distribution from a Z-pinch radiation source, article, November 1, 1997; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689679/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.