Energetic particle physics issues for ITER

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This paper summarizes our present understanding of the following energetic/alpha particle physics issues for the 21 MA, 20 TF coil ITER Interim Design configuration and operational scenarios: (a) toroidal field ripple effects on alpha particle confinement, (b) energetic particle interaction with low frequency MHD modes, (c) energetic particle excitation of toroidal Alfven eigenmodes, and (d) energetic particle transport due to MHD modes. TF ripple effects on alpha loss in ITER under a number of different operating conditions are found to be small with a maximum loss of 1%. With careful plasma control in ITER reversed-shear operation, TF ripple induced alpha ... continued below

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10 p.

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Cheng, C. Z.; Budny, R. & Fu, G. Y. December 31, 1996.

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This paper summarizes our present understanding of the following energetic/alpha particle physics issues for the 21 MA, 20 TF coil ITER Interim Design configuration and operational scenarios: (a) toroidal field ripple effects on alpha particle confinement, (b) energetic particle interaction with low frequency MHD modes, (c) energetic particle excitation of toroidal Alfven eigenmodes, and (d) energetic particle transport due to MHD modes. TF ripple effects on alpha loss in ITER under a number of different operating conditions are found to be small with a maximum loss of 1%. With careful plasma control in ITER reversed-shear operation, TF ripple induced alpha loss can be reduced to below the nominal ITER design limit of 5%. Fishbone modes are expected to be unstable for {beta}{sub {alpha}} > 1%, and sawtooth stabilization is lost if the ideal kink growth rate exceeds 10% of the deeply trapped alpha precessional drift frequency evaluated at the q = 1 surface. However, it is expected that the fishbone modes will lead only to a local flattening of the alpha profile due to small banana size. MHD modes observed during slow decrease of stored energy after fast partial electron temperature collapse in JT-60U reversed-shear experiments may be resonant type instabilities; they may have implications on the energetic particle confinement in ITER reversed-shear operation. From the results of various TAE stability code calculations, ITER equilibria appear to lie close to TAE linear stability thresholds. However, the prognosis depends strongly on q profile and profiles of alpha and other high energy particles species. If TAE modes are unstable in ITER, the stochastic diffusion is the main loss mechanism, which scales with ({delta}B{sub r}/B){sup 2}, because of the relatively small alpha particle banana orbit size. For isolated TAE modes the particle loss is very small, and TAE modes saturate via the resonant wave-particle trapping process at very small amplitude.

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10 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97005299

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  • 16. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) international conference on plasma physics and controlled nuclear fusion research, Montreal (Canada), 7-11 Oct 1996

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  • Other: DE97005299
  • Report No.: PPPL-CFP--3643
  • Report No.: IAEA-CN--64/FP-23;CONF-961005--25
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH03073
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 519126
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc689644

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  • December 31, 1996

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  • Aug. 14, 2015, 8:43 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2015, 5:53 p.m.

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Cheng, C. Z.; Budny, R. & Fu, G. Y. Energetic particle physics issues for ITER, article, December 31, 1996; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689644/: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.