Krakow clean fossil fuels and energy efficiency program. Phase 1 report

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Krakow is one of the largest and oldest cities in Poland. It is situated in the south of the country on the banks of the Vistula River. From the 11th until the 17th centuries, it was the capital of Poland. Today, Krakow is a city of 750,000 residents, one of the largest centers of higher education, an important industrial center, and is of particular importance because of the number and kinds of historic buildings and sites. For this reason, Krakow was included by the UNESCO in the list of the world`s cultural heritages. For about three decades, significant air pollution ... continued below

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Medium: P; Size: 364 p.

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Butcher, T. & Pierce, B. June 1, 1995.

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Description

Krakow is one of the largest and oldest cities in Poland. It is situated in the south of the country on the banks of the Vistula River. From the 11th until the 17th centuries, it was the capital of Poland. Today, Krakow is a city of 750,000 residents, one of the largest centers of higher education, an important industrial center, and is of particular importance because of the number and kinds of historic buildings and sites. For this reason, Krakow was included by the UNESCO in the list of the world`s cultural heritages. For about three decades, significant air pollution has been one of Krakow`s most serious problems. Because the city is situated in the Vistula River valley, it is poorly ventilated and experiences a high concentration of air pollutants. The quality of air in Krakow is affected mainly by industry (Sendzimir Steelworks, energy industry, chemical plants), influx from the Silesian industrial region (power plants, metallurgy), transboundary pollution (Ostrava - Czech Republic), and local sources of low pollution, i.e. more than 1,000 boiler houses using solid fuels and more than 100,000 coal-fired home stoves. These local sources, with low stacks and almost no pollution-control equipment, are responsible for about 35-40% of the air pollution. This report presents phase I results of a program to reduce pollution in krakow. Phase I was to gather information on emissions and costs, and to verify assumptions on existing heating methods and alternatives.

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Medium: P; Size: 364 p.

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OSTI as DE97002826

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jun 1995

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  • Other: DE97002826
  • Report No.: BNL--52479
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • DOI: 10.2172/434418 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 434418
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc688924

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • June 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Nov. 11, 2015, 12:55 p.m.

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Butcher, T. & Pierce, B. Krakow clean fossil fuels and energy efficiency program. Phase 1 report, report, June 1, 1995; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc688924/: accessed September 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.