Field screening of soils contaminated with explosives using ion mobility spectrometry

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Soils contaminated with explosives constitute a problem at DOE facilities and Army installations. Because explosives in soil are often heterogeneously distributed and require high density sampling, field screening is essential to characterize sites more quickly, economically and accurately. Current immunoassay and colorimetric field screening procedures have proven useful, but have significant per sample costs and limited throughput. At present, several field screening are available for TNT in soil, three procedures for RDX, and one procedure for 2,4-DNTand ammonium picrate/picric acid (AP/PA). Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) has been used to detect explosives in air at ppt levels, but limited work has ... continued below

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7 p.

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Crockett, A.B.; Atkinson, D.A. & Jenkins, T.F. September 1, 1996.

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Description

Soils contaminated with explosives constitute a problem at DOE facilities and Army installations. Because explosives in soil are often heterogeneously distributed and require high density sampling, field screening is essential to characterize sites more quickly, economically and accurately. Current immunoassay and colorimetric field screening procedures have proven useful, but have significant per sample costs and limited throughput. At present, several field screening are available for TNT in soil, three procedures for RDX, and one procedure for 2,4-DNTand ammonium picrate/picric acid (AP/PA). Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) has been used to detect explosives in air at ppt levels, but limited work has been done to apply the technique to quantify explosives in soils. The objective of this study has been to evaluate the utility of IMS as a screening technique for quantifying explosive residues in soils.

Physical Description

7 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96014124

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  • Tri-service environmental technology workshop, Hershey, PA (United States); Washington, DC (United States), 20-22 May 1996; 22-24 Jul 1996

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  • Other: DE96014124
  • Report No.: INEL--96/00052
  • Report No.: CONF-9605208--1;CONF-9607123--4
  • Grant Number: AC07-94ID13223
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 379003
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc688350

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • September 1, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 24, 2016, 7:14 p.m.

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Crockett, A.B.; Atkinson, D.A. & Jenkins, T.F. Field screening of soils contaminated with explosives using ion mobility spectrometry, article, September 1, 1996; Idaho Falls, Idaho. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc688350/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.