Bubble coalescence dynamics and supersaturation in electrolytic gas evolution

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The apparatus and procedures developed in this research permit the observation of electrolytic bubble coalescence, which heretofore has not been possible. The influence of bubble size, electrolyte viscosity, surface tension, gas type, and pH on bubble coalescence was examined. The Navier-Stokes equations with free surface boundary conditions were solved numerically for the full range of experimental variables that were examined. Based on this study, the following mechanism for bubble coalescence emerges: when two gas bubbles coalesce, the surface energy decreases as the curvature and surface area of the resultant bubble decrease, and the energy is imparted into the surrounding liquid. ... continued below

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166 p.

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Stover, R.L. August 1, 1996.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 95 times . More information about this report can be viewed below.

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  • Stover, R.L. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

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Description

The apparatus and procedures developed in this research permit the observation of electrolytic bubble coalescence, which heretofore has not been possible. The influence of bubble size, electrolyte viscosity, surface tension, gas type, and pH on bubble coalescence was examined. The Navier-Stokes equations with free surface boundary conditions were solved numerically for the full range of experimental variables that were examined. Based on this study, the following mechanism for bubble coalescence emerges: when two gas bubbles coalesce, the surface energy decreases as the curvature and surface area of the resultant bubble decrease, and the energy is imparted into the surrounding liquid. The initial motion is driven by the surface tension and slowed by the inertia and viscosity of the surrounding fluid. The initial velocity of the interface is approximately proportional to the square root of the surface tension and inversely proportional to the square root of the bubble radius. Fluid inertia sustains the oblate/prolate oscillations of the resultant bubble. The period of the oscillations varies with the bubble radius raised to the 3/2 power and inversely with the square root of the surface tension. Viscous resistance dampens the oscillations at a rate proportional to the viscosity and inversely proportional to the square of the bubble radius. The numerical simulations were consistent with most of the experimental results. The differences between the computed and measured saddle point decelerations and periods suggest that the surface tension in the experiments may have changed during each run. By adjusting the surface tension in the simulation, a good fit was obtained for the 150-{micro}m diameter bubbles. The simulations fit the experiments on larger bubbles with very little adjustment of surface tension. A more focused analysis should be done to elucidate the phenomena that occur in the receding liquid film immediately following rupture.

Physical Description

166 p.

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OSTI as DE97001685

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  • Other Information: TH: Thesis (Ph.D.)

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  • Other: DE97001685
  • Report No.: LBNL--39258
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • DOI: 10.2172/414343 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 414343
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc688125

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  • August 1, 1996

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 5, 2016, 1:12 p.m.

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Stover, R.L. Bubble coalescence dynamics and supersaturation in electrolytic gas evolution, report, August 1, 1996; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc688125/: accessed April 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.