In-situ spatially resolved x-ray diffraction mapping of the alpha to beta to alpha transformation in commercially pure titanium arc welds

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Spatially Resolved X-Ray Diffraction (SRXRD) is used to map the {alpha}{r_arrow}{beta}{r_arrow}{alpha} phase transformation in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of commercially pure titanium gas tungsten arc welds. In-situ SRXRD experiments were conducted on arc welds using a 200 pm diameter x-ray beam at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL). A map was created which identifies six HAZ microstructural regions that exist between the liquid weld pool and the base metal during welding. The first region is single phase {beta}-Ti that forms in a 2- to 3-mm band adjacent to the liquid weld pool. The second region is back transformed {alpha}-Ti that ... continued below

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9 p.

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Elmer, J. W., LLNL May 15, 1998.

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Spatially Resolved X-Ray Diffraction (SRXRD) is used to map the {alpha}{r_arrow}{beta}{r_arrow}{alpha} phase transformation in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of commercially pure titanium gas tungsten arc welds. In-situ SRXRD experiments were conducted on arc welds using a 200 pm diameter x-ray beam at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL). A map was created which identifies six HAZ microstructural regions that exist between the liquid weld pool and the base metal during welding. The first region is single phase {beta}-Ti that forms in a 2- to 3-mm band adjacent to the liquid weld pool. The second region is back transformed {alpha}-Ti that forms behind the portion of the HAZ where {beta}-Ti was once present at higher temperatures. The third region is completely recrystallized {alpha}-Ti that forms in a 2- to 3-mm band surrounding the single phase {beta}-Ti region. Recrystallized {alpha}-Ti was observed by itself and also with varying amounts of {beta}-Ti. The fourth region of the weld is the partially transformed zone where {alpha}-Ti and {beta}-Ti coexist during welding. The fifth region is directly behind the partially transformed zone and consists of a mixture of recrystallized and back transformed {alpha}-Ti The sixth region is farthest from the weld pool and consists of {alpha}-Ti that is undergoing annealing and recrystallization. Annealing of the base metal was observed to some degree in all of the SRXRD patterns, showing that annealing exceeded 13 mm from the centerline of the weld. Although the microstructure consisted predominantly of {alpha}-Ti, both prior to the weld and after the weld, the (002) texture of the starting material was altered during welding to produce a predominantly (101) texture within the resulting HAZ.

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9 p.

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OSTI as DE98058597

Other: FDE: PDF; PL:

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  • 5. international conference on trends in welding research, Pine Mountain, GA (United States), 1-5 Jun 1998

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  • Other: DE98058597
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--130520
  • Report No.: CONF-980657--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 325380
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc688117

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  • May 15, 1998

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 6, 2017, 6:17 p.m.

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Elmer, J. W., LLNL. In-situ spatially resolved x-ray diffraction mapping of the alpha to beta to alpha transformation in commercially pure titanium arc welds, article, May 15, 1998; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc688117/: accessed December 10, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.