Crosshole EM for oil field characterization and EOR monitoring: Field examples

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Crosshole and surface-to-borehole electromagnetic (EM) imaging is applied to reservoir characterization and steam flood monitoring in a central California oil field. Steam was injected into three stacked, eastward-dipping, unconsolidated oil sands within the upper 200 in. The steam plume is expected to develop as an ellipse aligned with the regional northwest-southeast strike. EM measurements were made from two flberglass-cased observation wells straddling the steam injector on a northeast-southwest profile. Field data were collected before the initiation of a steam drive to map the distribution of the oil sands and then six months after the steam was injected to monitor the ... continued below

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20 p.

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Wilt, M.; Schenkel, C.; Torres-Verdin, C.; Lee, Ki Ha & Tseng, Hung-Wen September 1, 1994.

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Description

Crosshole and surface-to-borehole electromagnetic (EM) imaging is applied to reservoir characterization and steam flood monitoring in a central California oil field. Steam was injected into three stacked, eastward-dipping, unconsolidated oil sands within the upper 200 in. The steam plume is expected to develop as an ellipse aligned with the regional northwest-southeast strike. EM measurements were made from two flberglass-cased observation wells straddling the steam injector on a northeast-southwest profile. Field data were collected before the initiation of a steam drive to map the distribution of the oil sands and then six months after the steam was injected to monitor the progress of the steam chest. Resisitivity images derived from the EM data collected before steam injection clearly delineate the distribution and dipping structure on the target oil sands. Difference images from data collected before and after steam flooding indicate that the steam chest has developed only in the deeper oil sands, and it has preferentially migrated eastward. Surface-to-borehole measurements were useful in mapping the distribution of the major oil sands, but they were insensitive to resisitivity changes in the early stages of the steam flood.

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20 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE95008811

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  • 6. international conference on heavy crude and tar sands, Houston, TX (United States), 11-18 Feb 1995

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  • Other: DE95008811
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--118361
  • Report No.: CONF-950202--1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 37654
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc688000

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  • September 1, 1994

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 16, 2016, 6:11 p.m.

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Wilt, M.; Schenkel, C.; Torres-Verdin, C.; Lee, Ki Ha & Tseng, Hung-Wen. Crosshole EM for oil field characterization and EOR monitoring: Field examples, article, September 1, 1994; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc688000/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.