Ground-water activation from the upcoming operation of MI40 beam absorber

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During the course of normal operation, a particle accelerator can produce radionuclides in the adjacent soil and in the beam line elements through the interactions of accelerated particles and/or secondary particles produced in the beam absorbers, targets, and sometimes elsewhere through routine beam losses. The production and concentration of these radionuclides depends on the beam parameters such as energy, intensity, particle type, and target configuration. The radionuclides produced in the soil can potentially migrate to the ground water. Soil activation and migration to the ground water depends on the details of the local hydrogeology. Generally, very few places such as ... continued below

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22 p.

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Bhat, C.M. & Read, A.L. September 1, 1996.

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Description

During the course of normal operation, a particle accelerator can produce radionuclides in the adjacent soil and in the beam line elements through the interactions of accelerated particles and/or secondary particles produced in the beam absorbers, targets, and sometimes elsewhere through routine beam losses. The production and concentration of these radionuclides depends on the beam parameters such as energy, intensity, particle type, and target configuration. The radionuclides produced in the soil can potentially migrate to the ground water. Soil activation and migration to the ground water depends on the details of the local hydrogeology. Generally, very few places such as the beam stops, target stations, injection and extraction sectors can have high enough radiation fields to produce radionuclides in the soil outside the enclosures. During the design, construction, or an upgrade in the intensity of existing beams, measures are taken to minimize the production of activated soil. The only leachable radionuclides known to be produced in the Fermilab soil are {sup 3}H, {sup 7}Be , {sup 22}Na, {sup 45}Ca and {sup 54}Mn and it has been determined that only {sup 3}H, and {sup 22}Na, because of their longer half lives and greater leachabilities, may significantly impact ground water resources.In the past, Fermilab has developed and used the Single Resident Well Model (SRWM) to estimate the ground water activation. Recently, the Concentration Model (CM), a more realistic method which depends on the site hydrogeology has been developed to decide the shielding requirements of the high radiation sites, and to calculate the ground water activation and its subsequent migration to the aquifer. In this report, the concentration of radionuclide released to the surface waters and the aquifer around the MI40 beam absorber are calculated. Subsequently, the ultimate limit on the primary proton beam intensity to be aborted on the Main Injector beam absorber is determined.

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22 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE96050535

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  • Other Information: PBD: Sep 1996

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  • Other: DE96050535
  • Report No.: FNAL-TM--1985
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH03000
  • DOI: 10.2172/383057 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 383057
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc687217

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  • September 1, 1996

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 1, 2016, 4:04 p.m.

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Bhat, C.M. & Read, A.L. Ground-water activation from the upcoming operation of MI40 beam absorber, report, September 1, 1996; Batavia, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc687217/: accessed May 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.