Environmental, health and safety issues related to commercializing CuInSe{sub 2}-based photovoltaics

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Description

Photovoltaics technology is rapidly evolving towards a new generation of low-cost thin film technologies. One of the most promising materials in this new generation is copper indium selenide (CuInSe{sub 2} or CIS). As with any new material, successful commercialization of CIS photovoltaic (PV) technology will require attention to environmental, health and safety issues, including consideration of the sources, usage, and end-of-product-life disposal and/or recycling of the constituent materials. This work focuses on three specific environmental, health and safety (EH and S) issues related to CIS PV: (1) economics are analyzed to determine their impact on materials use and re-use; (2) ... continued below

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47 p.

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Eberspacher, C.; Fthenakis, V.M. & Moskowtiz, P.D. July 1, 1996.

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Description

Photovoltaics technology is rapidly evolving towards a new generation of low-cost thin film technologies. One of the most promising materials in this new generation is copper indium selenide (CuInSe{sub 2} or CIS). As with any new material, successful commercialization of CIS photovoltaic (PV) technology will require attention to environmental, health and safety issues, including consideration of the sources, usage, and end-of-product-life disposal and/or recycling of the constituent materials. This work focuses on three specific environmental, health and safety (EH and S) issues related to CIS PV: (1) economics are analyzed to determine their impact on materials use and re-use; (2) Federal and California State environmental disposal and waste handling regulations are analyzed to evaluate their impact on PV module manufacturing and end-of-life module handling; and (3) the logistics and economics of product recycling and waste disposal by industries with comparable EH and S issues are examined to quantify the corresponding options available for handling, disposing of and/or recycling manufacturing by-products and end-of-life modules.

Physical Description

47 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96014890

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jul 1996

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  • Other: DE96014890
  • Report No.: BNL--63334
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • DOI: 10.2172/373859 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 373859
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc686624

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • July 1, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Nov. 20, 2015, 1:32 p.m.

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Eberspacher, C.; Fthenakis, V.M. & Moskowtiz, P.D. Environmental, health and safety issues related to commercializing CuInSe{sub 2}-based photovoltaics, report, July 1, 1996; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc686624/: accessed November 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.