Interspecies acetate transfer influences the extent of anaerobic benzoate degradation by syntrophic consortia

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Benzoate degradation by an anaerobic, syntrophic bacterium, strain SB, in coculture with Desulfovibrio strain G-11 reached a threshold value which depended on the amount of acetate added, and ranged from about 2.5 to 29.9 {mu}M. Increasing acetate concentrations also uncompetitively inhibited benzoate degradation. The apparent V{sub max} and K{sub m} for benzoate degradation decreased with increasing acetate concentration, but the benzoate degradation capacity (V{sub max}/K{sub m}) of cell suspensions remained comparable. The addition of an acetate-using bacterium to cocultures after the threshold was reached resulted in the degradation of benzoate to below the detection limit. Mathematical simulations showed that the ... continued below

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37 p.

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Warikoo, V.; McInerney, M.J. & Suflita, J.M. March 1, 1997.

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Benzoate degradation by an anaerobic, syntrophic bacterium, strain SB, in coculture with Desulfovibrio strain G-11 reached a threshold value which depended on the amount of acetate added, and ranged from about 2.5 to 29.9 {mu}M. Increasing acetate concentrations also uncompetitively inhibited benzoate degradation. The apparent V{sub max} and K{sub m} for benzoate degradation decreased with increasing acetate concentration, but the benzoate degradation capacity (V{sub max}/K{sub m}) of cell suspensions remained comparable. The addition of an acetate-using bacterium to cocultures after the threshold was reached resulted in the degradation of benzoate to below the detection limit. Mathematical simulations showed that the benzoate threshold was not predicted by the inhibitory effect of acetate on benzoate degradation kinetics. With nitrate instead of sulfate as the terminal electron acceptor, no benzoate threshold was observed in the presence of 20 mM acetate even though the degradation capacity was lower with nitrate than with sulfate. When strain SB was grown with a hydrogen-using partner that had a 5-fold lower hydrogen utilization capacity, a 5 to 9-fold lower the benzoate degradation capacity was observed compared to SB/G-11 cocultures. The Gibb`s free energy for benzoate degradation was less negative in cell suspensions with threshold compared to those without threshold. These studies showed that the threshold was not a function of the inhibition of benzoate degradation capacity by acetate, or the toxicity of the undissociated form of acetate. Rather a critical or minimal Gibb`s free energy may exist where thermodynamic constraints preclude further benzoate degradation.

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37 p.

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OSTI as DE97003738

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1997]

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  • Other: DE97003738
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/14003--T1
  • Grant Number: FG05-89ER14003
  • DOI: 10.2172/451224 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 451224
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc686536

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  • March 1, 1997

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • Nov. 6, 2015, 3:20 p.m.

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Warikoo, V.; McInerney, M.J. & Suflita, J.M. Interspecies acetate transfer influences the extent of anaerobic benzoate degradation by syntrophic consortia, report, March 1, 1997; United States. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc686536/: accessed May 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.