Meeting NPDES permit limits for an effluent-dependent stream Metadata

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  • Main Title Meeting NPDES permit limits for an effluent-dependent stream


  • Author: Payne, W.L.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy.
    Contributor Type: Organization
    Contributor Info: USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)


  • Name: Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States)
    Place of Publication: United States


  • Creation: 1998-09-01


  • English


  • Content Description: When the Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina received a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit containing very low copper and toxicity limits for an effluent-dependent stream, an innovative and cost-effective method to meet them was sought. The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control mandated that compliance with the new limits be achieved within three years of the effective date of the permit. SRS personnel studied various regulatory options for complying with the new limits including Water Effect Ratio, use of a Metals Translator, blending with additional effluents, and outfall relocation. Regulatory options were determined to not be feasible because the receiving stream is effluent dependent. Treatment options were studied after it was determined that none of the regulatory pathways were viable. Corrosion inhibitors were evaluated on a full-scale basis with only limited benefits. Ion exchange was promising, but not cost effective for a high flow effluent with a very low concentration of copper. A treatment wetlands, not normally given consideration for the removal of metals, proved to be the most cost effective method studied and is currently under construction.
  • Physical Description: 14 p.


  • Keyword: Copper
  • Keyword: Numerical Data
  • Keyword: Standards
  • STI Subject Categories: 05 Nuclear Fuels
  • Keyword: Water Pollution Abatement
  • Keyword: Savannah River Plant
  • Keyword: Waste Processing
  • Keyword: Licenses
  • Keyword: Chemical Effluents


  • Conference: Water Environment Federation (WEF) annual conference, Orlando, FL (United States), 3-7 Oct 1998


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Report


  • Text


  • Other: DE98053159
  • Report No.: WSRC-MS--97-00811
  • Report No.: CONF-981028--
  • Grant Number: AC09-96SR18500
  • DOI: 10.2172/296842
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 296842
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc686186


  • Display Note: INIS; OSTI as DE98053159