Stabilization of contaminated soil and wastewater with chemically bonded phosphate ceramics

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At Argonne National Laboratory, we have developed chemically Bonded phosphate ceramic (CBPC) technology to stabilize the U.S. Department of Energy`s problem mixed waste streams, for which no other stabilization technology is suitable. In this technology, solid waste is mixed with MgO and reacted with aqueous solutions of phosphoric acid or acid phosphates at room temperature to form a slurry that sets in {approx}2 h into a hard and dense ceramic waste form. Initial studies involved stabilizing the surrogate waste streams and then testing the waste forms for leaching of contaminants. After achieving satisfactory performance of the waste forms, we next ... continued below

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9 p.

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Wagh, A. S.; Jeong, S. Y. & Singh, D. January 1, 1997.

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Description

At Argonne National Laboratory, we have developed chemically Bonded phosphate ceramic (CBPC) technology to stabilize the U.S. Department of Energy`s problem mixed waste streams, for which no other stabilization technology is suitable. In this technology, solid waste is mixed with MgO and reacted with aqueous solutions of phosphoric acid or acid phosphates at room temperature to form a slurry that sets in {approx}2 h into a hard and dense ceramic waste form. Initial studies involved stabilizing the surrogate waste streams and then testing the waste forms for leaching of contaminants. After achieving satisfactory performance of the waste forms, we next incorporated actual waste streams at bench scale and produced waste forms that were then tested with the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP). This presentation deals with stabilization of soil contaminated with Cd, Cr, Pb, Ag, Ba, and Hg, and of low-level radioactive wastewater. To enhance the contaminant levels in the soil, we further spiked the soil with additional amounts of Cd, Cr, Pb, and Hg. Both the soil and the wastewater were incorporated in the same waste form by stabilizing them with the CBPC process. The waste forms had a total waste loading of {approx}77 wt.% and were dense with an open porosity of 2.7 vol.% and a density of 2.17 g/cm{sup 3}. Compression strength was 4910 psi. The TCLP results showed excellent immobilization of all the RCRA metals, and radioactive contaminant levels were below the detection limit of 0.2 pCi/mL. Long-term leaching studies using the ANS 16.1 procedure showed that the retention of contaminants is excellent and comparable to or better than most of other stabilization processes. These results demonstrate that the CBPC process is a very superior process for treatment of low level mixed wastes; we therefore conclude that the CBPC process is well suited to the treatment of low-level mixed waste streams with high waste loading.

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9 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97004093

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  • Waste Management `97, Tucson, AZ (United States), 2-7 Mar 1997

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  • Other: DE97004093
  • Report No.: ANL/ET/CP--91063
  • Report No.: CONF-970335--36
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 459875
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc685880

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  • January 1, 1997

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • June 13, 2016, 8:58 p.m.

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Wagh, A. S.; Jeong, S. Y. & Singh, D. Stabilization of contaminated soil and wastewater with chemically bonded phosphate ceramics, article, January 1, 1997; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc685880/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.