Target area design issues for implementing direct drive on the National Ignition Facility

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NIF will be configured in its baseline design to achieve ignition and gain using the indirect drive approach. However, the requirements require the design to not preclude the conduct of inertial confinement fusion experiments using direct drive. This involves symmetrical illumination of an ICF capsule, where each beam fully subtends the capsule. The re-directing of 24 of the 48 NIF beamlines (2x2 beamlet group each) from 30 and 50{degree} cone angles to 75{degree} cone angles near the chamber `equator` is required. This would be done by adjusting intermediate transport mirrors so that the beams intercept different final mirrors in the ... continued below

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10 p.

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Tobin, M.; Karpenko, V.; Burnham, A. & Peterson, R. June 14, 1996.

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NIF will be configured in its baseline design to achieve ignition and gain using the indirect drive approach. However, the requirements require the design to not preclude the conduct of inertial confinement fusion experiments using direct drive. This involves symmetrical illumination of an ICF capsule, where each beam fully subtends the capsule. The re-directing of 24 of the 48 NIF beamlines (2x2 beamlet group each) from 30 and 50{degree} cone angles to 75{degree} cone angles near the chamber `equator` is required. This would be done by adjusting intermediate transport mirrors so that the beams intercept different final mirrors in the Target Bay and be directed into final optics assemblies attached to chamber ports positioned at the new port locations. Space for converting from one irradiation scheme to another is a problem; also NIF user needs cannot be compromised by direct drive needs. Target for direct drive, absent a hohlraum, emits much fewer cold x rays than for indirect drive. Further, the irradiation scheme may not result in the absorption of all the 3{omega} light and this may create a hazard to the NIF chamber first wall. This paper describes possible design features of the NIF Target Area to allow conversion to direct drive and discusses some differences in post-shot conditions created compared to indirect drive.

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10 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE96013440

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  • Annual meeting of the American Nuclear Society (ANS), Reno, NV (United States), 16-20 Jun 1996

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  • Other: DE96013440
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--124479
  • Report No.: CONF-9606116--75
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 379036
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc685846

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  • June 14, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 17, 2016, 6:49 p.m.

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Tobin, M.; Karpenko, V.; Burnham, A. & Peterson, R. Target area design issues for implementing direct drive on the National Ignition Facility, article, June 14, 1996; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc685846/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.