Granular filtration in a fluidized bed

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Successful development of advanced coal-fired power conversion system often requires reliable and efficient cleanup devices that can remove particulate and gaseous pollutants from high-temperature, high- pressure gas streams. A novel filtration concept for particulate cleanup has been developed at the U.S. Department of Energy`s Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC). The filtration system consists of a fine metal screen filter immersed in a fluidized bed of granular material. As the gas stream passes through the fluidized bed, a layer of the bed granular material is entrained and deposited at the screen surface. This material provides a natural granular filter to separate ... continued below

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4 p.

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Mei, J.S. & Yue, P.C. December 31, 1996.

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Description

Successful development of advanced coal-fired power conversion system often requires reliable and efficient cleanup devices that can remove particulate and gaseous pollutants from high-temperature, high- pressure gas streams. A novel filtration concept for particulate cleanup has been developed at the U.S. Department of Energy`s Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC). The filtration system consists of a fine metal screen filter immersed in a fluidized bed of granular material. As the gas stream passes through the fluidized bed, a layer of the bed granular material is entrained and deposited at the screen surface. This material provides a natural granular filter to separate fine particles from the gas stream passing through the bed. Since the filtering media is the granular material supplied by the fluidized bed, the filter is not subjected to blinding like candle filters. Because only the in-flowing gas, not fine particle cohesive forces, maintains the granular layer at the screen surface, once the thickness and permeability of the granular layer are stabilized, it remains unchanged as long as the in-flowing gas flow rate remains constant. The weight of the particles and the turbulent nature of the fluidized bed limits the thickness of the granular layer on the filter leading to a self-cleaning attribute of the filter. The granular filtration testing system consisted of a filter, a two-dimensional fluidized bed, a continuous powder feeder, a laser-based, in-line particle counting, sizing, and velocimeter (PCSV), and a continuous solid feeding/bed material withdrawal system. The two-dimensional, transparent fluidized bed allowed clear observation of the general fluidized state of the granular material and the conditions under which fines are captured by the granular layer.

Physical Description

4 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97050681

Source

  • Advanced coal-fired power systems review meeting, Morgantown, WV (United States), 16-18 Jul 1996

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  • Other: DE97050681
  • Report No.: DOE/METC/C--97/7266
  • Report No.: CONF-960757--61
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 432329
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc685590

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  • December 31, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Nov. 10, 2015, 7:45 p.m.

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Mei, J.S. & Yue, P.C. Granular filtration in a fluidized bed, article, December 31, 1996; Morgantown, West Virginia. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc685590/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.