Review of computational thermal-hydraulic modeling

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Description

Corrosion of heat transfer tubing in nuclear steam generators has been a persistent problem in the power generation industry, assuming many different forms over the years depending on chemistry and operating conditions. Whatever the corrosion mechanism, a fundamental understanding of the process is essential to establish effective management strategies. To gain this fundamental understanding requires an integrated investigative approach that merges technology from many diverse scientific disciplines. An important aspect of an integrated approach is characterization of the corrosive environment at high temperature. This begins with a thorough understanding of local thermal-hydraulic conditions, since they affect deposit formation, chemical concentration, ... continued below

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[100] p.

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Keefer, R.H. & Keeton, L.W. December 31, 1995.

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  • Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory
    Publisher Info: Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States)
    Place of Publication: West Mifflin, Pennsylvania

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Description

Corrosion of heat transfer tubing in nuclear steam generators has been a persistent problem in the power generation industry, assuming many different forms over the years depending on chemistry and operating conditions. Whatever the corrosion mechanism, a fundamental understanding of the process is essential to establish effective management strategies. To gain this fundamental understanding requires an integrated investigative approach that merges technology from many diverse scientific disciplines. An important aspect of an integrated approach is characterization of the corrosive environment at high temperature. This begins with a thorough understanding of local thermal-hydraulic conditions, since they affect deposit formation, chemical concentration, and ultimately corrosion. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) can and should play an important role in characterizing the thermal-hydraulic environment and in predicting the consequences of that environment,. The evolution of CFD technology now allows accurate calculation of steam generator thermal-hydraulic conditions and the resulting sludge deposit profiles. Similar calculations are also possible for model boilers, so that tests can be designed to be prototypic of the heat exchanger environment they are supposed to simulate. This paper illustrates the utility of CFD technology by way of examples in each of these two areas. This technology can be further extended to produce more detailed local calculations of the chemical environment in support plate crevices, beneath thick deposits on tubes, and deep in tubesheet sludge piles. Knowledge of this local chemical environment will provide the foundation for development of mechanistic corrosion models, which can be used to optimize inspection and cleaning schedules and focus the search for a viable fix.

Physical Description

[100] p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE99001147

Source

  • Improving the understanding and control of corrosion on the secondary side of steam generators, Airlie, VA (United States), 9-13 Oct 1995

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  • Other: DE99001147
  • Report No.: CONF-9510292--2
  • Grant Number: AC11-93PN38195
  • DOI: 10.2172/291150 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 291150
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc685246

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • December 31, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • May 16, 2016, 6:31 p.m.

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Keefer, R.H. & Keeton, L.W. Review of computational thermal-hydraulic modeling, report, December 31, 1995; West Mifflin, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc685246/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.