Recent studies on the chemical conversion of energetic materials to higher value products

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The objective of our program is to develop novel, innovative solutions for the disposal of surplus energetic materials (high explosives, propellants) resulting from the demilitarization of nuclear and conventional munitions. Historically, energetic materials have been disposed of by open burning/open detonation (OB/OD) which is becoming unacceptable due to public concerns and increasingly stringent environmental regulations. The use of energetic materials as chemical feedstocks for higher value products potentially provides environmentally sound and cost-effective alternatives to OB/OD. The conversion of UDMH (unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine, 1,1-dimethylhydrazine) and Explosive D (ammonium picrate) to higher value explosives such as 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) and 1,3-diamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (DATB) illustrates ... continued below

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10 p.

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Mitchell, A.R.; Pagoria, P.F. & Schmidt, R.D. May 1, 1996.

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Description

The objective of our program is to develop novel, innovative solutions for the disposal of surplus energetic materials (high explosives, propellants) resulting from the demilitarization of nuclear and conventional munitions. Historically, energetic materials have been disposed of by open burning/open detonation (OB/OD) which is becoming unacceptable due to public concerns and increasingly stringent environmental regulations. The use of energetic materials as chemical feedstocks for higher value products potentially provides environmentally sound and cost-effective alternatives to OB/OD. The conversion of UDMH (unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine, 1,1-dimethylhydrazine) and Explosive D (ammonium picrate) to higher value explosives such as 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) and 1,3-diamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (DATB) illustrates our approach. TATB is a reasonably powerful high explosive whose thermal and shock stability is considerably greater than that of any other known material of comparable energy. We have developed a new synthesis of TATB that can utilize surplus UDMH (propellant) and Explosive D (high explosive) as starting materials.

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10 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96012007

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  • 4. international symposium on special topics in chemical propulsion, Stockholm (Sweden), 27-31 May 1996

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  • Other: DE96012007
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--123429
  • Report No.: CONF-9605192--1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 377495
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc685015

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  • May 1, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 23, 2016, 12:03 p.m.

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Mitchell, A.R.; Pagoria, P.F. & Schmidt, R.D. Recent studies on the chemical conversion of energetic materials to higher value products, article, May 1, 1996; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc685015/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.