Applications of Langevin and Molecular Dynamics methods

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Computer simulation of complex nonlinear and disordered phenomena from materials science is rapidly becoming an active and new area serving as guide for experiments and for testing of theoretical concepts. This is especially true when novel massively parallel computer systems and techniques are used on these problems. In particular the Langevin dynamics simulation technique has proven useful in situations where the time evolution of a system in contact with a heat bath is to be studied. The traditional way to study systems in contact with a heat bath has been via the Monte Carlo method. While this method has indeed ... continued below

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11 p.

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Lomdahl, P.S. December 31, 1994.

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Computer simulation of complex nonlinear and disordered phenomena from materials science is rapidly becoming an active and new area serving as guide for experiments and for testing of theoretical concepts. This is especially true when novel massively parallel computer systems and techniques are used on these problems. In particular the Langevin dynamics simulation technique has proven useful in situations where the time evolution of a system in contact with a heat bath is to be studied. The traditional way to study systems in contact with a heat bath has been via the Monte Carlo method. While this method has indeed been used successfully in many applications, it has difficulty addressing true dynamical questions. Large systems of coupled stochastic ODEs (or Langevin equations) are commonly the end result of a theoretical description of higher dimensional nonlinear systems in contact with a heat bath. The coupling is often local in nature, because it reflects local interactions formulated on a lattice, the lattice for example represents the underlying discreteness of a substrate of atoms or discrete k-values in Fourier space. The fundamental unit of parallelism thus has a direct analog in the physical system the authors are interested in. In these lecture notes the authors will illustrate the use of Langevin stochastic simulation techniques on a number of nonlinear problems from materials science and condensed matter physics that have attracted attention in recent years. First, the authors will review the idea behind the fluctuation-dissipation theorem which forms that basis for the numerical Langevin stochastic simulation scheme. The authors then show applications of the technique to various problems from condensed matter and materials science.

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11 p.

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OSTI as DE95007875

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  • Summer school Verano on nonlinearity and disorder, Madrid (Spain), 15-19 Aug 1994

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  • Other: DE95007875
  • Report No.: LA-UR--95-438
  • Report No.: CONF-9408218--2
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 34296
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc684776

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  • December 31, 1994

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 29, 2016, 8:26 p.m.

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Lomdahl, P.S. Applications of Langevin and Molecular Dynamics methods, article, December 31, 1994; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc684776/: accessed June 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.