Results of a model for premixed combustion oscillation

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Combustion oscillations are receiving renewed research interest due to the increasing application of lean premix (LPM) combustion to gas turbines. A simple, nonlinear model for premixed combustion is described in this paper. The model was developed to help explain specific experimental observations, and to provide guidance for the development of active control schemes based on nonlinear concepts. The model can be used to quickly examine instability trends associated with changes in equivalence ratio, mass flow rate, geometry, ambient conditions, and other pertinent factors. The model represents the relevant processes occurring in a fuel nozzle and combustor which are analogous to ... continued below

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22 p.

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Janus, M.C. & Richards, G.A. December 31, 1996.

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Description

Combustion oscillations are receiving renewed research interest due to the increasing application of lean premix (LPM) combustion to gas turbines. A simple, nonlinear model for premixed combustion is described in this paper. The model was developed to help explain specific experimental observations, and to provide guidance for the development of active control schemes based on nonlinear concepts. The model can be used to quickly examine instability trends associated with changes in equivalence ratio, mass flow rate, geometry, ambient conditions, and other pertinent factors. The model represents the relevant processes occurring in a fuel nozzle and combustor which are analogous to current LPM turbine combustors. Conservation equations for the fuel nozzle and combustor are developed from simple control volume analysis, providing a set of ordinary differential equations that can be solved on a personal computer. Combustion is modeled as a stirred reactor, with a bi- molecular reaction rate between fuel and air. A variety of numerical results and comparisons to experimental data are presented to demonstrate the utility of the model. Model results are used to understand the fundamental mechanisms which drive combustion oscillations, the effects of inlet air temperature and nozzle geometry on instability, and the effectiveness of active control schemes. The technique used in the model may also be valuable to understand oscillations in low NO{sub x} industrial burners.

Physical Description

22 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97051989

Source

  • 1996 international symposium combustion in industry, Baltimore, MD (United States), 30 Sep - 2 Oct 1996

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  • Other: DE97051989
  • Report No.: DOE/FETC/C--97/7282
  • Report No.: CONF-9609233--2
  • DOI: 10.2172/379049 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 491207
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc684308

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  • December 31, 1996

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • Nov. 10, 2015, 9:24 p.m.

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Janus, M.C. & Richards, G.A. Results of a model for premixed combustion oscillation, article, December 31, 1996; Morgantown, West Virginia. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc684308/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.