Estimates of power deposited via cesium/barium beta and gamma radiation captured in components of a Hanford cesium chloride capsule and by components of overpacked capsules placed in an interim dry storage facility

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The deposition of power in Hanford cesium chloride capsules and in the components of design concepts for overpacking and interim storage were determined as requested (Randklev, 1996a). The power deposition results from the selective capture of gamma and beta radiation coming from the decay of the 137CS isotope in the CsCl contained in the capsules. The following three cases were analyzed: (a) a single CsCl capsule, (b) an overpack containing eight CsCl capsules, and (c) an infinite square array of such overpacks as placed in tubes of a interim dry storage facility. The power deposition was expressed as watts per ... continued below

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45 p.

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Roetman, V.E., Westinghouse Hanford December 23, 1996.

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  • Westinghouse Hanford Company
    Publisher Info: Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Richland, Washington

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Description

The deposition of power in Hanford cesium chloride capsules and in the components of design concepts for overpacking and interim storage were determined as requested (Randklev, 1996a). The power deposition results from the selective capture of gamma and beta radiation coming from the decay of the 137CS isotope in the CsCl contained in the capsules. The following three cases were analyzed: (a) a single CsCl capsule, (b) an overpack containing eight CsCl capsules, and (c) an infinite square array of such overpacks as placed in tubes of a interim dry storage facility. The power deposition was expressed as watts per gram for each of the respective physical design components in these three cases. Per the analyses request and guidance (Randklev 1996a), the primary analysis objective was to characterize, for each case, the power deposition across the radial cross-section at the expected axial position of maximum deposition. As requested, this primary part of the analysis work was done using choices for component dimension and material properties that would reasonably characterize the maximum deposition profile across the salt (CsCl) and the inner capsule barrier of the double walled metal capsule system used to construct the Hanford capsules. The secondary objective was to further evaluate the deposition behavior relative to the influence of axial position. The guidance (Randklev 1996a) also requested 1797 an analysis case that involved a lag-storage pit in a hot-cell, in which a cylindrical metal basket from a transportation cask would be used to position several capsules in the lag-storage pit. Although the basic model for the lag storage concept evaluation was essentially completed by the end of FY-96, the analysis was not run because of the need to prioritize and limit the work scope due to funding limitations for FY-97. The specific purpose for performing the subject set of analyses (Randklev 1996a) is to obtain power deposition values (i.e., per the decay of T37cs) that can then be used as input into an analysis of the heat transfer (i.e., component temperature) response (Randklev 1996d) for such cases. The overall objective is to support the TWRS program evaluations of capsule disposal options, which could be implemented if, and when the DOE changes their current designation as `by-product` material, to `waste` material. It was found that the Hanford reference literature concerning the capsules does contain a few reports on previous Monte Carlo code determinations of the power deposition values for assemblages involving the Hanford CsCl capsules. However, in one case (Campbell, 1981) the results are now believed to be seriously in error, and the other two reported analyses (Sasmor, et al, 1988; Midgett, 1995) involve capsule + other components in assemblages that differed significantly from the subject concepts addressed in this present analysis.

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45 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE98059473

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  • Other Information: PBD: 23 Dec 1996

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  • Other: DE98059473
  • Report No.: WHC-SD-WM-TI--791
  • Grant Number: AC06-96RL13200
  • DOI: 10.2172/302015 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 302015
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc684086

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  • December 23, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • June 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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Roetman, V.E., Westinghouse Hanford. Estimates of power deposited via cesium/barium beta and gamma radiation captured in components of a Hanford cesium chloride capsule and by components of overpacked capsules placed in an interim dry storage facility, report, December 23, 1996; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc684086/: accessed June 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.