Sensitivity analysis and model reduction of nonlinear differential-algebraic systems. Final progress report

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Differential-algebraic equations arise in a wide variety of engineering and scientific problems. Relatively little work has been done regarding sensitivity analysis and model reduction for this class of problems. Efficient methods for sensitivity analysis are required in model development and as an intermediate step in design optimization of engineering processes. Reduced order models are needed for modelling complex physical phenomena like turbulent reacting flows, where it is not feasible to use a fully-detailed model. The objective of this work has been to develop numerical methods and software for sensitivity analysis and model reduction of nonlinear differential-algebraic systems, including large-scale systems. ... continued below

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8 p.

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Petzold, L.R. & Rosen, J.B. December 30, 1997.

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Description

Differential-algebraic equations arise in a wide variety of engineering and scientific problems. Relatively little work has been done regarding sensitivity analysis and model reduction for this class of problems. Efficient methods for sensitivity analysis are required in model development and as an intermediate step in design optimization of engineering processes. Reduced order models are needed for modelling complex physical phenomena like turbulent reacting flows, where it is not feasible to use a fully-detailed model. The objective of this work has been to develop numerical methods and software for sensitivity analysis and model reduction of nonlinear differential-algebraic systems, including large-scale systems. In collaboration with Peter Brown and Alan Hindmarsh of LLNL, the authors developed an algorithm for finding consistent initial conditions for several widely occurring classes of differential-algebraic equations (DAEs). The new algorithm is much more robust than the previous algorithm. It is also very easy to use, having been designed to require almost no information about the differential equation, Jacobian matrix, etc. in addition to what is already needed to take the subsequent time steps. The new algorithm has been implemented in a version of the software for solution of large-scale DAEs, DASPK, which has been made available on the internet. The new methods and software have been used to solve a Tokamak edge plasma problem at LLNL which could not be solved with the previous methods and software because of difficulties in finding consistent initial conditions. The capability of finding consistent initial values is also needed for the sensitivity and optimization efforts described in this paper.

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8 p.

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OSTI as DE99003199

Medium: P; Size: 8 p.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 30 Dec 1997

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  • Other: DE99003199
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/25130--T1
  • Grant Number: FG02-92ER25130
  • DOI: 10.2172/354988 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 354988
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc684049

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  • December 30, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 13, 2017, 2:04 p.m.

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Petzold, L.R. & Rosen, J.B. Sensitivity analysis and model reduction of nonlinear differential-algebraic systems. Final progress report, report, December 30, 1997; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc684049/: accessed November 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.