Summary of tank information relating salt well pumping to flammable gas safety issues

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The Hanford Site has 149 single-shell tanks (SSTs) containing radioactive wastes that are complex mixes of radioactive and chemical products. Active use of these SSTs was phased out completely by November 1980, and the first step toward final disposal of the waste in the SSTs is interim stabilization, which involves removing essentially all of the drainable liquid from the tank. Stabilization can be achieved administratively, by jet pumping to remove drainable interstitial liquid, or by supernatant pumping. To date, 116 tanks have been declared interim stabilized; 44 SSTs have had drainable liquid removed by salt well jet pumping. Of the ... continued below

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74 p.

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Caley, S. M.; Mahoney, L. A. & Gauglitz, P. A. September 1996.

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Description

The Hanford Site has 149 single-shell tanks (SSTs) containing radioactive wastes that are complex mixes of radioactive and chemical products. Active use of these SSTs was phased out completely by November 1980, and the first step toward final disposal of the waste in the SSTs is interim stabilization, which involves removing essentially all of the drainable liquid from the tank. Stabilization can be achieved administratively, by jet pumping to remove drainable interstitial liquid, or by supernatant pumping. To date, 116 tanks have been declared interim stabilized; 44 SSTs have had drainable liquid removed by salt well jet pumping. Of the 149 SSTs, 19 are on the Flammable Gas Watch List (FGWL) because the waste in these tanks is known or suspected, in all but one case, to generate and retain mixtures of flammable gases, including; hydrogen, nitrous oxide, and ammonia. Salt well pumping to remove the drainable interstitial liquid from these SSTs is expected to cause the release of much of the retained gas, posing a number of safety concerns. The scope of this work is to collect and summarize information, primarily tank data and observations, that relate salt well pumping to flammable gas safety issues. While the waste within FGWL SSTs is suspected offering flammable gases, the effect of salt well pumping on the waste behavior is not well understood. This study is being conducted for the Westinghouse Hanford Company as part of the Flammable Gas Project at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Understanding the historical tank behavior during and following salt well pumping will help to resolve the associated safety issues.

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74 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97050032

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  • Other Information: PBD: Sep 1996

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  • Other: DE97050032
  • Report No.: PNNL--11335
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/398560 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 398560
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc683826

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  • September 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 7, 2016, 2:14 p.m.

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Caley, S. M.; Mahoney, L. A. & Gauglitz, P. A. Summary of tank information relating salt well pumping to flammable gas safety issues, report, September 1996; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc683826/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.