Mechanisms for radiation damage in DNA. Final report, June 1, 1986--August 31, 1996

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Over the last 10 years significant advances have been made impacting the understanding of radiation damage to DNA. The principal objective of this work was the elucidation of the fundamental mechanisms of radiation damage to DNA through the direct and indirect effects. Recently the work concentrated on the direct effect of radiation damage on DNA. The objective was to elucidate the ultimate radiation chemical damage to DNA arising from the direct effect. In this effort the focus was on the application of three techniques. ESR spectroscopic measurement of initial radicals formed in DNA and its hydration layer at low temperatures. ... continued below

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Medium: P; Size: 44 p.

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Sevilla, M.D. August 1, 1996.

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Description

Over the last 10 years significant advances have been made impacting the understanding of radiation damage to DNA. The principal objective of this work was the elucidation of the fundamental mechanisms of radiation damage to DNA through the direct and indirect effects. Recently the work concentrated on the direct effect of radiation damage on DNA. The objective was to elucidate the ultimate radiation chemical damage to DNA arising from the direct effect. In this effort the focus was on the application of three techniques. ESR spectroscopic measurement of initial radicals formed in DNA and its hydration layer at low temperatures. Ab initio molecular orbital calculations were employed to give highly accurate theoretical predictions of early events such as electron and hole localization sites which serve to test and to clarify the experimental observations. HPLC and GC-mass spectroscopic assays of DNA base products formation provide the ultimate chemical outcome of the initial radiation events. The bridge between the early ion radical species and the non-radical products is made in ESR studies which follow the chemistry of the early species as they react with water and or other DNA bases. The use of these techniques has resulted in a new and fundamental understanding of the radiation damage to DNA on a molecular scale. From this work, a working model for DNA damage from the initial ionization event to the eventual formation of molecular base damage products and strand breaks has been formulated. Results over the past several years which have led to the formulation of this model are described.

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Medium: P; Size: 44 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97000411

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  • Other Information: PBD: Aug 1996

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  • Other: DE97000411
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/60455--10
  • Grant Number: FG02-86ER60455
  • DOI: 10.2172/392802 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 392802
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc683814

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • August 1, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 1, 2016, 8:47 p.m.

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Sevilla, M.D. Mechanisms for radiation damage in DNA. Final report, June 1, 1986--August 31, 1996, report, August 1, 1996; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc683814/: accessed October 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.