Accurate, finite-volume methods for 3D MHD on unstructured Lagrangian meshes

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Previous 2D methods for magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) have contributed both to development of core code capability and to physics applications relevant to AGEX pulsed-power experiments. This strategy is being extended to 3D by development of a modular extension of an ASCI code. Extension to 3D not only increases complexity by problem size, but also introduces new physics, such as magnetic helicity transport. The authors have developed a method which incorporates all known conservation properties into the difference scheme on a Lagrangian unstructured mesh. Because the method does not depend on the mesh structure, mesh refinement is possible during a calculation to ... continued below

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12 p.

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Barnes, D.C. & Rousculp, C.L. October 1, 1998.

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Previous 2D methods for magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) have contributed both to development of core code capability and to physics applications relevant to AGEX pulsed-power experiments. This strategy is being extended to 3D by development of a modular extension of an ASCI code. Extension to 3D not only increases complexity by problem size, but also introduces new physics, such as magnetic helicity transport. The authors have developed a method which incorporates all known conservation properties into the difference scheme on a Lagrangian unstructured mesh. Because the method does not depend on the mesh structure, mesh refinement is possible during a calculation to prevent the well known problem of mesh tangling. Arbitrary polyhedral cells are decomposed into tetrahedrons. The action of the magnetic vector potential, A {center_dot} {delta}l, is centered on the edges of this extended mesh. For ideal flow, this maintains {del} {center_dot} B = 0 to round-off error. Vertex forces are derived by the variation of magnetic energy with respect to vertex positions, F = {minus}{partial_derivative}W{sub B}/{partial_derivative}r. This assures symmetry as well as magnetic flux, momentum, and energy conservation. The method is local so that parallelization by domain decomposition is natural for large meshes. In addition, a simple, ideal-gas, finite pressure term has been included. The resistive diffusion part is calculated using the support operator method, to obtain an energy conservative, symmetric method on an arbitrary mesh. Implicit time difference equations are solved by preconditioned, conjugate gradient methods. Results of convergence tests are presented. Initial results of an annular Z-pinch implosion problem illustrate the application of these methods to multi-material problems.

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12 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE99002198

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  • Nuclear explosives code developers conference (NECDC), Las Vegas, NV (United States), Oct 1998

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  • Other: DE99002198
  • Report No.: LA-UR--99-745
  • Report No.: CONF-9810110--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 334294
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc683422

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  • October 1, 1998

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 29, 2016, 12:56 p.m.

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Barnes, D.C. & Rousculp, C.L. Accurate, finite-volume methods for 3D MHD on unstructured Lagrangian meshes, article, October 1, 1998; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc683422/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.