Base hydrolysis and hydrothermal processing of PBX-9404 explosive

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Base hydrolysis in combination with hydrothermal processing has been proposed as an environmentally acceptable alternative to open burning/open detonation for degradation and destruction of high explosives. In this report, the authors examine gaseous and aqueous products of base hydrolysis of the HMX-based plastic bonded explosive, PBX-9404. The authors also examine products from the subsequent hydrothermal treatment of the base hydrolysate. The gases produced from hydrolysis of PBX-9404 are ammonia, nitrous oxide, and nitrogen. Major aqueous products are sodium formate, acetate, nitrate, and nitrite, but not all carbon products have been identified. Hydrothermal processing of base hydrolysate destroyed up to 98% ... continued below

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13 p.

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Sanchez, J.A.; Flesner, R.L.; Spontarelli, T.; Dell`Orco, P.C. & Kramer, J.F. April 1, 1995.

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Base hydrolysis in combination with hydrothermal processing has been proposed as an environmentally acceptable alternative to open burning/open detonation for degradation and destruction of high explosives. In this report, the authors examine gaseous and aqueous products of base hydrolysis of the HMX-based plastic bonded explosive, PBX-9404. The authors also examine products from the subsequent hydrothermal treatment of the base hydrolysate. The gases produced from hydrolysis of PBX-9404 are ammonia, nitrous oxide, and nitrogen. Major aqueous products are sodium formate, acetate, nitrate, and nitrite, but not all carbon products have been identified. Hydrothermal processing of base hydrolysate destroyed up to 98% of the organic carbon in solution, and higher destruction efficiencies are possible. Major gas products detected from hydrothermal processing were nitrogen and nitrous oxide.

Physical Description

13 p.

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OSTI as DE95009437

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  • MAES national symposium and career fair, Los Angeles, CA (United States), 26-29 Mar 1995

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  • Other: DE95009437
  • Report No.: LA-UR--95-795
  • Report No.: CONF-9503123--1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 42456
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc683255

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  • April 1, 1995

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 29, 2016, 1:16 p.m.

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Sanchez, J.A.; Flesner, R.L.; Spontarelli, T.; Dell`Orco, P.C. & Kramer, J.F. Base hydrolysis and hydrothermal processing of PBX-9404 explosive, article, April 1, 1995; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc683255/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.